Oculesics

Topics: Eye, Eye contact, Pupil Pages: 5 (861 words) Published: April 24, 2015
Oculesics
1 Introduction
As a social or behavioral science, oculesics is a form of nonverbal communication focusing on deriving meaning from eye behavior. The word oculesics comes from the word oculus, which is Latin for eye.  2 Dimensions of Oculesics

There are four aspects involved with oculesics:
Dimension 1: Eye Contact
There are three levels of eye contact:
Direct eye contact
Indirect eye contact
Duration (持续的) of eye contact
Dimension 2: Eye Movement
Eye Movement occurs voluntarily or involuntarily. It can include changing eye direction, changing focus, or following objects with the eyes. Dimension 3: Pupil Dilation(瞳孔扩张)

Pupillary response(瞳孔反应) is change in the size of the pupil(瞳孔), voluntarily or involuntarily. This change happens at the appearance of real or perceived new objects of focus, and even at the real or perceived indication of such appearances[7] Dimension 4: Gaze Direction

Gazing deals with communicating and feeling intense desire with the eye, voluntarily or involuntarily. 3 how people use eye contact to express their emotions
Eye behaviors with emotional summaries:[36]
Eyes up - Different people look up for different reasons. Some look up when they are thinking. Others perform that action in an effort to recall something from their memory. Eyes down - Avoiding eye contact, or looking down, can be a sign of submission or fear. Lateral movement(横向运动) of eyes - Looking away from the person to whom one is speaking could be a sign that something else has taken their interest. Gazing - Staring at someone means that a person shows sincere interest. Staring at a person's lips can indicate that someone wants to kiss another person. In general, staring means, "I want that." Glancing - Glancing can show a person's true desires. For instance, glancing at a door might mean that someone wants to leave. Glancing at a glass of water might mean that a person is thirsty. Eye contact - Eye contact is powerful and shows sincere interest if it is unbroken. A softening of the stare can indicate sexual desire. Staring - 这个图原本是个动态的,是卡颂矣和都教授眉目传情 在这里找的http://image.haosou.com/i?q=eye+contact&src=srp Staring is more than just eye contact, it usually involves eyes wider than normal. A lack of blinking may indicate more interest, but it also may indicate a stronger feeling than a person may intend to portray. Following with the eyes - Eyes follow movement naturally. If a person is interested in someone, then their eyes will follow that person naturally. Squinting(斜视) - Squinting of the eyes may mean a person is trying to obtain a closer look. It may also mean that a person is considering whether something is true or not. Blinking - Blinking is also a natural response that can occur for no other reason than having dry eyes. It can also be the result of a person feeling greater levels of stress. Rapid blinking can indicate arrogance while reduced blinking can move towards a stare. Winking - Winking can indicate that two people understand something without using words. It can mean "hello" or it can be a sign of flirtation. Closing of eyes - Closing the eyes serves to shut out the world. It can be a reaction to fear or embarrassment. Others may close their eyes as a way to think more sincerely about a particular subject. Eye moisture - Tears obviously indicate sadness, but moisture also has a more practical purpose to wash and clean the eyes. Damp eyes can be suppressed crying or an expression of extreme happiness or laughter. Pupil dilation - Pupil dilation may be harder to detect by most people. Sexual desire may be a cause of such dilation. It may also be an indication of attraction. Physiologically, eyes dilate when it is darker to let in more light. Rubbing of eyes - Eyes may water, causing a person to rub their own eyes. This can happen when a person feels uncomfortable or tired. It may also happen when a person simply has something in their eyes. 4Cultural Differences in oculesics

Muslim Culture
In...
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