Understanding Obsessive Compulsive Disorder from the Psychoanalytical Approach to Personality
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive compulsive disorder affects “1% of the adult United States population” (OCD Among Adults). This is a prevalent disorder that alters the lives of so many, and so drastically. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by “an overwhelming urge to repeat certain rituals or behaviors called compulsions” (When Unwanted). These compulsions can be akin to “repeatedly bathing, showering or washing hands… need for order, symmetry or exactness”( Obsessive Compulsive). If the compulsions are not gratified the person then feels a sense of uneasiness, worry, or even fear. This disorder runs people’s lives. For example, some afflicted with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder may have to wash their hands five times before leaving the restroom. Not only does it occupy the person afflicted Obsessive Compulsive Disorder’s time but it ruins their relationships with others. It alienates them and often gives them a source of ridicule among society. Most people afflicted with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder are conscious of the fact their rituals and compulsions are senseless but they have no power against them, causing them great levels of anxiety. What makes this disorder worse is that it is often very difficult to cure. Some with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder seek treatment through the psychoanalytic approach to personality.
The psychoanalytical approach focuses heavily on the unconscious mind and the affect of child rearing in the development of one’s personality. Child rearing is one of the biggest elements in personality according to Freud and other psychoanalytical psychologists. They believe that one goes through five stages through childhood. Then one begins to progress through the five stages to shape their personality and to go The first stage is the oral stage. The oral stage is focused on feeding and anything...
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