Occupational Therapy Research Paper

Topics: Motor control, Therapy, Occupational therapy, Fine motor skill / Pages: 4 (952 words) / Published: Nov 12th, 2015
Title of Article: Effects of Occupational Therapy Services on Fine Motor and Functional Performance in Preschool Children
Date of Article: July 2000
Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy Volume 54 July/August, http://ajot.aota.org/article.aspx?articleid=1868885&resultClick=3 Author: Jane Case-Smith Introduction: This study is based on a group of Occupational Therapists (OT) providing services to preschool students who have fine motor delays. OT services in preschools where children with disabilities are served have shown improvements in fine motor skills (FM). The study was based on the activities that were most often selected by the group of OTs. A neurodevelopmental and Sensory Integration approach was taken for
…show more content…
This study consisted of children with FM delays. It was based on before and after eight months of OT services in a preschool setting. According to Jane, "In a sample of 44 preschool-aged children with fine motor delays who received occupational therapy services, eight fine motor and functional performance assessments were administered at the beginning and end of the academic year (Case-Smith, 2000)." This was a descriptive study that was measured by the type of activities, intervention frequency, and outcomes. The group of OT's used standardized testing that measured hand use, eye hand coordination, and dexterity using preschool activities. Some examples of the activities were cutting, building with blocks, or lacing. The research team completed assessments in two observational testing sessions. The FM performance components were in-hand manipulation which was assessed with a Rotation Test and Translation Test. For visual perception Jane state's, " Two subtests of the Developmental Test of Visual Perception (DTVP) were used to measure visual perception. Position in space measures the ability to recognize when forms have the same spatial orientation. Figure Ground requires identification of a figure hidden by lines or embedded within other lines and figures (Case-Smith, 2000). To measure eye-hand coordination a Motor Accuracy of the Praxis and Sensory Integration test was given. The preschool children had to trace lines, and worked on crossing the midline using each

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Occupational Therapy Paper
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Career Paper: Occupational Therapy
  • Occupational Therapy