occupation health in human resouce

Topics: Occupational safety and health, Occupational health psychology, Industrial and organizational psychology Pages: 7 (1607 words) Published: February 25, 2014
Occupational safety and health is an area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. The goals of occupational safety and health programs include to foster a safe and healthy work environment.[1] OSH may also protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, and many others who might be affected by the workplace environment. Occupational safety and health can be important for moral, legal, and financial reasons. All organisations have a duty of care to ensure that employees and any other person who may be affected by the companies undertaking remain safe at all times.[2] Moral obligations would involve the protection of employee's lives and health. Legal reasons for OSH practices relate to the preventative, punitive and compensatory effects of laws that protect worker's safety and health. OSH can also reduce employee injury and illness related costs, including medical care, sick leave and disability benefit costs. OSH may involve interactions among many subject areas, including occupational medicine, occupational hygiene, public health, safety engineering, industrial engineering, chemistry, health physics, industrial and organizational psychology, ergonomics and occupational health psychology. Contents

1 Definition
2 History
3 Workplace hazards
3.1 Physical and mechanical hazards
3.2 Biological and chemical hazards
3.2.1 Biological hazards
3.2.2 Chemical hazards
3.3 Psychosocial hazards
4 Occupational safety and health by industry
4.1 Construction
4.2 Agriculture
4.3 Service sector
4.4 Mining and oil & gas extraction
5 Workplace fatalities statistics
5.1 European Union
5.2 United States
6 Management systems
6.1 International
6.2 United Kingdom
7 National legislation and public organizations
7.1 European Union
7.2 United Kingdom
7.3 Denmark
7.4 United States
7.5 Canada
7.6 Malaysia
7.7 People's Republic of China
7.8 South Africa
8 Roles and responsibilities of OSH professionals
8.1 Europe
8.2 USA
9 Differences across countries and regions
10 Identifying safety and health hazards
10.1 Hazards, risks, outcomes
10.2 Hazard assessment
10.3 Risk assessment
11 Contemporary developments
11.1 Nanotechnology
12 Relationship to industrial and organizational psychology
13 Occupational health psychology
14 Occupational health and safety education
15 World Day for Safety and Health at Work
16 See also
16.1 Government organizations
16.2 Laws
16.3 Related fields
17 References
18 Further reading
19 External links
Definition

Workers cutting marble without any protective gear, Indore, India Since 1950, the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have shared a common definition of occupational health. It was adopted by the Joint ILO/WHO Committee on Occupational Health at its first session in 1950 and revised at its twelfth session in 1995. The definition reads: "Occupational health should aim at: the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations; the prevention amongst workers of departures from health caused by their working conditions; the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health; the placing and maintenance of the worker in an occupational environment adapted to his physiological and psychological capabilities; and, to summarize, the adaptation of work to man and of each man to his job. "The main focus in occupational health is on three different objectives: (i) the maintenance and promotion of workers’ health and working capacity; (ii) the improvement of working environment and work to become conducive to safety and health and (iii) development of work organizations and working cultures in a direction which supports health and safety at work and in doing so also promotes a positive social climate and smooth operation and may enhance productivity of...
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