Observations of Parent-Child Interactions and Temperament

Better Essays
|

Observations of Parent-Child Interactions and Temperament

Psychology 223

January 23, 2013
|

Temperament is defined as the features of your personality that are present at birth and have a genetic/biological basis. Your temperament, or basic disposition, interacts with environmental influences to create your personality (Salters-Pedneault, 2010). Temperament is a behavioral style that shows the how of behavior, rather than the what or why. Temperamental differences are present at birth; they influence how children behave toward individuals and objects in their environments and how they are affected by the environment (Behavioral-Development Initiatives, 1996-2012). Temperament originates in genes and prenatal development and is affected by early experiences (Berger, 2011, p. 183). Parenting is a mutual process where the parent influences the child’s development, and in return, the child influences the parent. However, parents differ on how to raise children. The nine temperaments suggested by Thomas and Chess, have been grouped into three basic classifications of children: easy children, difficult children, and slow-to-warm-up children. Easy children usually have positive moods and approaches to new situations. They adapt quite well to change. Easy children are somewhat predictable in their sleeping, eating, and elimination patterns. Difficult children tend to have irregular sleeping, eating, and elimination patterns. They often experience negative moods and withdraw from things which are new. Difficult children are slow or non-adaptive to change. Slow-to-warm-up children may react to new situations in a negative but mild manner. They are low in activity levels and tend to withdraw in new situations. These children are more likely to warm up when approached in a way which respects their temperament traits (Culpepper, 2008).
Our temperament and style of parenting used while being reared can ultimately determine how



References: Behavioral-Developmental Initiatives. (1999-2012). Temperament and parenting. Retrieved from www.temperament.com/temperament.comfaqs.html[->0] Berger, K. (2011) Temperament and goodness-of-fit. The Developing Person Through the Life Span, 7, 183-185. Cherry, K. (2013). The four styles of parenting. About.com Guide. Retrieved from www.psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/a/parenting-style.htm[->1]. Culpepper, S. (2008). The temperament trap: recognizing and accommodating children’s personalities. Early Childhood News. Retrieved from www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildwood/article_view.aspx?ArticleID=241[->2] Pedneault, K. (2010, March 30). What is temperament? About.com Borderline Personality. Retrieved from bpd.about.com/od/glossary/g/temperament.htm Speaks-Fold, V

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    An observation of parent-child interaction at the park In the first five years of a child life is when the most complex development occurs. Children develop cognitively as their brain captivates information and they learn to process the information. Children also develop socially and emotionally as they interact, play, and live with others (i.e. friends, family or teachers). Cognitive, social and emotional development through play is essential for a child’s growth as well. The development of…

    • 593 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Parent Child Observation

    • 340 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Finding parent B wasn’t too hard of a challenge, I was at a family cookout and noticed a mother verbally and physically abusing her child. Watching the child’s face in humiliation was heart breaking, that I wanted to comfort the boy. What stood out to me when I observed the mother forcefully slapping the kid on the butt and hands anytime the child didn’t listen to her. This is a form of unwanted parenting, “mother’s not wanting to have any children or not wanting to have more than she has” (Brooks…

    • 340 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Introduction and why you selected the model Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is a therapy treatment that has two phases. According to the article “Parent-child interaction therapy: Can a manualized treatment be functional”, these phases help parents and caregivers develop and work on particular skills. The skills are taught to all clients that enter the program. I chose PCIT because I was interested in learning more about it. I am interesting in family centered social work fields and this…

    • 922 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Parent Child Observation The setting is a home environment of a friend; the environment is clean, warm and sunny. It is not set up for children however, there are no toys, the child does not have other children to play with, and there are about eight other adults present for a get together. The situation seems like it could be possibly boring to a four year old child as there are not any toys, he can not run around in the house, and is expected to sit still for a while. In terms of safety everything…

    • 1898 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Child Interactions

    • 667 Words
    • 3 Pages

    How quality interaction influences the learning process My understanding of child/child interaction is that through their peers, children will learn important Social and language skill; which results in greater participation e.g. turn taking and increased self-reliance In play interaction with other children, helps them learn to resolve disputes, some children may interact differently within the comfort of their own home and with their families so pre schools are great to give the children new…

    • 667 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Parent Observation

    • 1307 Words
    • 6 Pages

    As a retail worker, I notice many parents that come into my store to shop for themselves, however, a majority of parents bring their children along with them. I have never taken into account child and parent interaction in a retail store, which is why I have decided to observe a child and parent in this context for this assignment. The child that I observed was around two years old, of male gender and caucasian descent. The parent of the child was his mother, was around the age of late twenties/early…

    • 1307 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Observation: Social interaction In today 21st century Family dinner are seen as an everyday ritual, nothing exciting or important about this simple task because of the fast lifestyle and demand in society today people tend to take many thing for granted, for instance a family dinner is seen as an everyday routine within every families to satisfied the hunger, carving and gathering of the family during the day. ‘Dinner experience is one that not only brings the families together…

    • 2299 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    In order to start the process for my observation I had to first speak with the parents of the child Mr. and Mrs. Pretty (not their real name). I spoke with Mrs. Pretty because her husband was unavailable at the time and I know her very well. I informed her about the assignment and discussed the outline of it with her to ensure that she knew exactly what the observation entail as well as the fact that I might need additional information from her or her husband. She informed me that she would inform…

    • 2264 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Observation and Child

    • 1753 Words
    • 8 Pages

    This essay looks at the role of observation in early childhood care and education. It will discuss and examine this role throughout. To work effectively and successfully with children, you must know how to understand them. Developing the skill of observing children and interpreting what you have observed by using reference to your knowledge is the main task. It is by closely observing behaviour that you come to understand the theoretical information derived from research studies into children and…

    • 1753 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    The University of Queensland 28/03/2013 EDUC 3701: Assessment Task 1 Essay: Parent to child, child to parent influences Author: Nicole Castledine (s42590480) Tutor: Gregory Vass Introduction Students who are gifted and talented are recognized as those with an innate ability in any domain that places them within the top 10% of their age peers (Collins, 2011; Gifted and Talented Children, 2013). What constitutes giftedness varies in cultures and society, however gifts…

    • 1959 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Best Essays