Observational Learning

Good Essays
Observational Learning
During this course we studied that behaviors can be learned through our own experiences or observing others. Learning is the knowledge obtained in life through education, interacting with people, experiences and practice. There are three types of learning: Classical Conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning.
There are many topics that grabbed my interest during this course, but observational learning made me think about my personal life and reminded me of many experiences that I went through in life.
Observational learning means that we learn through watching others and then imitating them, this can happen through observing our family, neighbors, friends or TV. I remember when I was a child, I used to watch my mother cooking and then I go back to my room and pretend that am cooking as well. Even though, I grew up and became a very bad cooker.
Albert Bandura suggested in his theory "The social learning theory" that children tend to imitated adults by observing them. He supported his theory in his famous experiment "Bobo doll", which shows an adult acting aggressively toward a Bobo doll, and after that when they allowed the children to play with the doll they acted in the same aggressive way.
I remember last year I was with my aunt and her 7 years old son in the car going to a restaurant. My aunt is a smoker, so she took out a cigarette and started smoking. After sometimes, her son told her: " When I grow up I will smoke cigarettes", she told him: "No, you are not allowed to smoke it's bad for health", he replayed: "But you smoke, I want to be cool like you" and when we reached to the restaurant, her son took a straw and started acting as if he is smoking.
In addition, Banduara's study showed that people also learn through imitating others who receive punishments and rewards. It means that when a child sees his older siblings getting punished for doing something wrong, the child is more likely to avoid doing it

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