The way in which our society disciples its children varies greatly among individuals. The differences may be due to the personality differences among children, the manner in which the parents were disciplined as children, the parents’ mental or emotional state, or the social expectations that are put on the parents. In order to better understand the way in which parents discipline their children I went to several locations and observed parents interacting with their children. I want to discuss the types of parenting styles before going into greater detail about my observations. Psychologist Diana Baumind identified four types of parenting styles based on two aspects of parenting behavior, control and warmth. (Kopko, 2007) The first style is authoritarian parenting and it is a very restrictive and punitive style. The parent may “spank the child frequently, enforce rules rigidly but not explain them, and show rage toward the child” (Santrock, 2013). This type of parenting style can cause children to appear anxious, fearful, and possess weak communication skills. The second and recommended parenting style is authoritative parenting, which promotes children to be independent but doesn’t allow the child to live without rules or boundaries. This type of parenting involves communication between parent and child, support for the child, and discipline in a non-punitive manner. Children who are parented in this style are usually happy, self-regulated, and cope with stress in a positive fashion (Santrock, 2013). The third style of parenting is the neglectful parent; these parents are not involved in their child’s life. The parents are neither warm nor controlling towards their children. Children who have neglectful parents may feel badly about themselves and act out in school (Santrock, 2013). The final type of parenting style is Indulgent parenting, in this style the parents are extremely involved and...
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