The first objective was simple liberation, with Che Guevara claiming that this was the path to take if citizens wanted to live in an improved society. The hope for the new society spread as Cuba went through a second phase, practical socialism. To achieve this, land was equally divided; education and social reforms took place, and most importantly of all, urban workers were cooperating and dedicated to this new society. Goals of liberation and a new society were met because the majority of the citizens wanted a better life, and were willing to work hard to obtain it. The third phase Cuba went through was taking the Marxist idea for the national policy. That ended and Cuba went through a communist phase. All of this experimenting of Cuba is good because it helped Fidel Castro decide what was best for Cuba, or himself.
The objectives Castro had when he first controlled Cuba were to remove the American control of the economy and become less dependent on the U.S. Cuba expropriated U.S. investments without payment to turn the control back over to them. As a result, the U.S. hated the Castro regime. Cuba also nationalized the manufacturing industries, splitting the plantations into food producing, cattle-raising, and sugar/rice sections, all to break the Cuban reliance on its export crops and attempt "to achieve rapid industrialization in the hope of diversifying the economy". The U.S. retaliated by reducing the sugar quota, and set a trade embargo until all of the money owed was paid. Without the American assurance of a sugar market, along with the fact that Cuba was relying mostly on those two export crops, the industry died. Cuba couldn't pull out of this hole and the industrialization projects failed because of the need for expertise and an existing deficiency of markets. Cuba sought help from USSR and received loans and interest in the Cuban sugar market. The results of this new bond were instantaneous; Cuba now had improved health services, education for more people (adults too), new research stations, and enrolments for schools increased while illiteracy decreased. Eventually Cuba was importing oil and troops from the USSR. It's true that Cuba was successful in pushing the U.S. away from controlling their economy, but Cuba needed help from another country, Russia. It doesn't matter that Cuba accomplished their objective because now they are just as reliant on the USSR.
Another major goal Castro aimed for was to educate the citizens about his plans and how they could help each other and themselves. Castro admitted Cubans thought socialism would divide wealth, but he convinced people that they had to work for wealth. This time was called a moral revolution, and the old way (capitalism) was selfish and greedy. The core idea of the moral revolution was that everyone has to "work harmoniously for the common good". A small goal during this time was stated in a speech Castro gave in 1969, and he said that the next year's sugar production will double compared to the current year's; which means Castro has big plans for the future.