Obesity in America

Topics: Obesity, Body mass index, Nutrition Pages: 5 (1195 words) Published: April 19, 2015
Obesity has become rampant among Americans. It is one of the leading causes of health issues. It isn’t skipped through generations. Obesity affects both the old and young. What is obesity?  According to (OAC, 2015):

 Obesity is a condition that is associated with having an excess of body fat, defined by genetic and environmental factors that are difficult to control when dieting. Obesity is classified as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater. BMI is a tool used to measure obesity. Obesity increases your risk of developing related conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and sleep .Obesity is a complex, multifactorial, and chronic disease that requires a comprehensive medical approach to care. It is the second leading preventable cause of death in the U.S., and is associated with a large number of co-morbid conditions. Care should therefore not be seen as simply having the goal of reducing body weight, but should additionally be focused on improving overall health and quality of life,  to name a few. Many individuals are affected by obesity and are not aware of it.   The number one position statement made by OAC is:

Obesity is a complex, multifactorial, and chronic disease that requires a comprehensive medical approach to care. It is the second leading preventable cause of death in the U.S., and is associated with a large number of co-morbid conditions. Care should therefore not be seen as simply having the goal of reducing body weight, but should additionally be focused on improving overall health and quality of life. Americans are becoming more and more obese due to predominant factors such as lack of exercise, poor nutrition, age pregnancy, emotional factors, genes and the environment, leading to numerous health complications.             Lack of exercise is the leading factor towards obesity in Americans. If you eat high amounts of calories like fats and sugars, but do not burn it off through exercise and physical activity, it is then stored in the body as fat. Factual evidence provided by (Blaszczak-Boxe, 2013) proved: The study, published July 7 in the American Journal of Medicine, found that in the last 20 years, the number of women in the U.S. who reported no physical activity in their free time increased from about 19 percent in 1994 to nearly 52 percent in 2010. In men, the number rose from about 11 percent in 1994 to 44 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, the average BMI (body mass index) increased by 0.37 percent per year in both men and women, rising most dramatically in women ages 18 to 39. According to (Krauss, Winston, & Fletcher, 1998, p. xx),

Obesity is an important determinant of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Previous epidemiological studies of obesity have documented a modest association of obesity and risk of CVD, especially in younger age groups. The study of obesity and CVD should now focus on weight change over time, especially differences between childhood versus younger and older adult weight gains, and the distribution of body fat, especially visceral or intra-abdominal fat. Weight gain during young adult life may be one of the most important determinants of cardiovascular risk factors. “ Americans are laid back and depend on just pills to and shakes to help them lose weight. Weight lost can only be properly achieved through a balanced diet along with good exercise. How else will the weight remain off without exercise and diet? Many people have jobs that involve sitting at a desk for most of the day. They also depend on their cars, rather than walking. When people relax, they tend to watch TV, browse the internet or play computer games, and hardly exercise. Poor nutrition is another factor that advances human beings in America to obesity. As Americans we are exposed to vast food portions in restaurants, fast food places, gas stations, supermarkets, and even at home; almost everywhere. Some of these meals and snacks can feed two or more people and eating the whole serving over time will...
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