Obesity in America

Topics: Poverty, Obesity, Nutrition Pages: 6 (5130 words) Published: March 3, 2014


Week 5 Assignment- Obesity in America
GEN499: General Education Capstone
Instructor: Mark Bowles

Final Paper: Obesity in America
Obesity in America is real and profoundly alarming when you look at the major impact it has on our communities. Major health concerns like diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure cases are at an all time high. Specifically, the disparity between low-income urban inner cities in regards to obesity as compared to more upper class wealthier communities makes you take pause. This relates to my professional goals of going back into my community as an activist and organizer of issues related to my environment, like health and education. When you grow up in an area that has a specific way of life, sometimes even if you know you are making wrong decisions, it is hard to break the mold. It is important to not only point out people’s flaws but also provide solutions to their problems; however it appears that the solutions provided are now aiming at exploiting people’s health issues for capitalistic gain. Private sector companies appear to have implemented a plan to create a problem and provide a solution for capitalistic gain. America is a capitalistic society founded on the idea of profiting on the expense of others, obesity in America is no different, although major health concerns associate obesity related issues, government and private sector organizations exploit this major epidemic targeting low-income urban inner cities. Literary Review

Introduction:
Obesity in America is an epidemic that has caused much suffering to individuals as we have seen the rates significantly increase over the past two decades. Many of the factors pertaining to the causes are due majority to poor choices; however because of factors beyond the control of low income urban communities, like food oppression, food insecurity and lack of government oversight due to capitalistic gains, many situations are of people being victims of their environment. In June of last year the American Medical Association declared obesity a disease which opens the door for new profits on drugs like Belviq and medical pharmaceutical companies. “The American Medical Association has officially recognized obesity as a disease, a move that could induce physicians to pay more attention to the condition and spur more insurers to pay for treatments” (Pollack, 2013, par.1). Instead of focusing on low-cost lifestyle changes that address the root cause, of obesity, this decision only aims to help benefit big business and drug companies who can now receive federal aid while continuing to ensure people are oppressed in food desserts with limited access to healthy food choices. Methodologies of Review:

The research studies chosen for this literature review focused on the factors that limit or reduce the opportunities for low income communities to have access to nutritional food choices. The perception is that although federal aid is available however marketing strategies and low costs for unhealthy items make it difficult to make smart decisions. I wanted to also highlight the disparity between low-income, urban communities in comparison to upper income wealthy ones. The main databases were employed to search for relevant research studies. These databases included Ashford Online Library, Education Abstracts Full Text from the Princeton Online Journals, and Ebscohost Direct. In selecting literature to review, the author attempted to review research that was relatively current and no older than 10 years. Thus, the range of dates for the research studies was between 2004 and 2014, with the majority of studies chosen from 2006 to 2009. I have included in this literary review my three main sources for data and information although I have included many other research elements throughout my research paper. The keywords used in searching these databases and websites...

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