Obesity

Topics: Nutrition, Obesity, Food Pages: 10 (2869 words) Published: January 31, 2015
Malaysia has experienced rapid economic development in recent decades leading to increase urbanization, affluence, and change in lifestyles and nutritional status of the population. Obesity among adult has became serious problem in health department as it increases rapidly. Hence, I will discuss on obesity as a contemporary issue in Malaysia. World health Organization (WHO) had defined that obesity is an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. A crude population measure of obesity is the body mass index (BMI), a person’s weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of his or her height (in meters). A person with a BMI of 30 or more is generally considered obese. A person with a BMI equal to or more than 25 is considered overweight. Based on the report stated by the Ministry of Health (MOH), It shows the huge increasing percent from 4.4 percent at 2006 then increased to 15.1 percent in 2011. From this statistic, it shows that obesity among Malaysian are becoming a serious problem. The escalation of obesity, once thought to be an urban phenomenon, has now spread to the rural population at an alarming rate. As Malaysia proceeds rapidly towards a developed economy status, the health of its population will probably continue to deteriorate. Therefore, a national strategy needs to be developed to tackle both dietary and activity contributors to the excess weight gain of the Malaysian population. One of the factors that influence the increasing factor of obesity is fast food intake. As the economy pass by, the fast food restaurant can be fine everywhere in Malaysia. The first franchise fast food was brought into Malaysia in 1963 was A&W by Mr and Mrs Lie Boff from USA. The Lie Boff family opened their first outlet in Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman making it the first fast food outlet in Malaysia. From there, malaysian community start eat fast food and one by one the fast food restaurant came into the malaysia like KFC, McDonalds, and many more. Malaysain love to choose all those restaurant as it is easy and affordable to get. As the fast food has wide the empire in malaysia by enhance the service like drive true restraunt that people can get the meal without leave the car and delivery service that just pick up the phone and the meal infront your door. It is the best reason why even thoungh there is a stall all around in malaysia, served the malaysian food, the Malaysian like to choose fast food restaurant as their restaurant to get food.According to Hossein (2011), the ability of western fast food restaurant to cater to local Muslim market created a huge impact on local food restaurant in Malaysia. According to Ismail et al (2002), the improvement in socioeconomic status increases the obesity prevalence which the people are used to leading a sedentary life style and unhealthy habit. The statement aggred by Pelletier and laksa (2012), most of the people in this melinium century ar working people. They have to work to support their family. If 20 years back, women who has their own carrier is diffulcult to see,most of them are house wife. They prepaired all the food for themselves and family, but in the morden live they also working to support their family. Sometimes they do extra time from the normal working hour. That lead to the buy outside food as it is easy to get and the food are ready to eat without have to prepaired all the food after a long hour stay in their workplace. Another key factor that contribute in the incresing the number of obesity factor was the eating behavior. Sutjahjo et al (2004), mention that most of the obesity people is working. People who are working sometimes face with the irregular working hour. So they have to skip the meal or eat the meal late at night. This factor play a main role in change the diet structure. People tend to take a large amount of food for one short to ensure saving their time to cope with their responsibility at work. For the parents, they...
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