Develop and maintain a healthy, safe and secure environment for children
Regulations covering manual handling and the risks associated with lifting and carrying children When working in childcare it is normal for the work to involve lifting and carrying babies and children, as well as carrying any equipment or large toys so it is important to do this properly. If a workers technique of lifting is incorrect, this can result in back injuries and/or risk of sprains and/or fractures to limbs. The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 supplement the general duties placed on employers and others by general Health and Safety regulations. It is really important to take care when lifting children or any equipment by following good practice, such as; * Stand in front of the child or object with your feet shoulder width apart. * Always bend your knees and not your back and always keep your back straight. * Judge the weight of the child or object your carrying.
* Make sure you have a firm hold on the child or object.
* Test you can safely lift the child or object and if so lift properly. * Avoid twisting or bending your body as you lift.
The basic stages of child development and the implications these have for health, safety and security arrangements A really important factor when it comes to protecting children in your setting from any accidents and/or injuries is that you make sure you understand the risks that child are exposed to, in relation to the child’s age and stage of development. This means you should be able to help identify risks and hazards for certain situations to certain groups of children. Whilst at work and in your workplace, it is important to know the general ages and stages of development the children in your care are and what risks are related with this. The diagram below shows the most common types of accidental harm children can get themselves into.
Burns and scalds
Burns and scalds
Cuts and bruises
Cuts and bruises
| Common Accidents
Birth – Crawling (up to 6 months)
| Falls from raised surfaces
| Babies can move just from wriggling and this risk grows as a baby grows
| Never leave babies unattended on a raised surface
| Babies cannot push blankets or other things away from their faces
| Don’t use pillows or duvets for babies under 1
| Young babies cannot deal with large amounts of fluid or hard objects in their mouths
| Don’t give babies solids then leave them alone, keep small objects away from babies’ grasp, make sure older children don’t put anything in a baby’s mouth
| Ribbons, jewellery and wool can get caught in a cot or car seat
| Always check if clothing is too tight and never put jewellery or ribbons around a babies neck
| Burns and scalds
| Sun burnNot testing bath waterHeating feeds in microwaveHot drinks around babies
| Avoid all risks: no hot drinks around young children, always test bath water, don’t use microwaves to warm feeds up, always keep babies well covered and protected from the sun
| Leaving children alone in the bath
| Never leave a young baby in water without an adult
| Crawling to walking (6-15 months)
| Babies become more mobile and want to explore and also have no understanding of danger
| Always guard the stairs and never leave children on high surfaces
| Babies at this age can still get caught in bedding. Exploration of plastic bags. Babies explore by putting anything in their mouths and this can cause choking
| Again no duvets for children under 1 and keep plastic bags out of reach. Always stay with a baby who is eating or drinking and keep small items out of reach. Always teach older children not to put anything in a baby’s mouth
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