NVQ 2 Health and safety

Topics: Occupational safety and health, Hygiene, Risk Pages: 7 (2342 words) Published: April 22, 2015
NVQ 2 Health and safety

1.1 Legislation that relates to the Health and safety in a social care setting are the following: Health and Safety At Work Act 1974
The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992  The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 
The Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992 The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 
The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995  The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002  The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998   The Equality Act 2010 

The Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981 
The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
Food safety Act 1990
Personal Protective Equipment and Management of Health and safety at work regulations 1999

1.2 Describe the main points of health and safety policies and procedures

The main piece of Legislation used in the work place that covers most ares of Health and Safety in the Health And Safety At Work Act 1974. The main points of Health and Safety policies and procedures are:  Risk assessments- Making sure that all possible risks and hazards in the workplace are assessed to make sure yourself and others are not put at risk and are as safe as possible in the work environment. For example if someone has an injury this should be risk assessed to see what duties they can perform if any at all. Risk assessment of the home should include assessing the floors- spillages cleaned, non slippery surfaces, hazards that could potential trip an individual over etc. Lighting- Bulbs in working order, are the bulbs light enough especially on stairs, emergency lighting working in case of power cut etc. Also ventilation, stairs, windows, water and temperatures, kitchen and outside environment should all be assessed. 

RIDDOR- Policies and procedures state that employers must keep a record or any reportable injuries, diseases or accident. The recording of this information should include: A brief description or the injury, accident or disease, The time and date and the place in which the event happened, the date and method of reporting accident and personal details of those who were involved( staff and service users.)

Manual handling- Employer should ensure that staff are not manual handling if there is a risk of injury. The employer should also ensure that equipment is provided to ensure that staff are able to do so in the safest possible way. Staff should only be manual handling if it is necessary. Manual handling should only be performed if adequate training has been given.  

Infection control- For service users that have a low immune system it is vital that staff attempt to try and reduce the spread of infection. The employer should ensure that they provide staff with the correct PPE (personal protective equipment). Staff need to be responsible for washing their hands and encouraging service users to do the same. The employer should also ensure that staff are put on training to better knowledge and skills when dealing with infection control and so they can be educated on things such as hand washing techniques. 

​ COSHH- Staff when working with substances hazardous to health should be put on relevant training before so. COSHH should be kept in a locked area so they can be accessed by those who are authorised, keeping service users safe. 

2.1 Define what is meant by ‘hazard’ and ‘risk’.

A hazard is any source of potential damage, harm or adverse health effects on something or someone under certain conditions at work. A Risk is the chance or probability that a person will be harmed or experience an adverse health effect if exposed to a hazard.

4.3 Explain the most thorough method for hand washing
wet hands with hot running water.
Rub soap between palms 
Rub right palm over the back of left hand
Rub left palm over the back of right hand
Rub palms together with fingers interlocked
Rub the back of the...
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