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Nutritional requirements of pregnant and lactating mother and young children

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Carbohydrates The RDA value is set 130 g per day for children. Pregnant mothers require around 175g whereas lactating mothers must consume 210g. Pregnant and lactating mothers need to include about twice more carbohydrates in their diet than young children. According to Food and Nutrition Board, both males and females should consume 130 g of carbohydrates daily. Proteins The recommended allowance for children 7 to 10 years is 36g because of their rapid growth. The pregnant woman should include an additional 30g protein. To supply the infant with sufficient protein, the lactating woman needs to include 20g protein above normal needs.
Apparently, pregnant woman or breastfeeding mother needs more proteins than young children.
In adults, male needs about 56g while female needs about 46g.

Lipids There is no RDA for lipids, more commonly referred to “recommended limits”. It is adequate for children 1 to 3 years to eat 30 to 40% of total calorie intake every day. The determined sufficient amount of omega 3 fatty acid must be 0.6 to 1.2g/d for a young child. Pregnant woman and lactating mother should eat no more than 35% of daily calorie intake. Eating too much saturated fat is bad for both pregnant woman and young children. It has been stated that either male or female should not consume more than 25% to 35% of calorie intake in their everyday lives.
Minerals
The RDA of calcium and phosphorus for children 1 to 10 years is 800mg and that of zinc is 10mg. Children of age 7 to 10 years need 100mg of iron, 250mg of magnesium and 120mg of iodine. Pregnant woman and lactating mother should include 400mg calcium and magnesium and 150mg magnesium. Woman in her pregnancy should consume 5mg zinc and 25mg iodine daily while breastfeeding mother should be provided with 10mg zinc and 50mg iodine. Comparing both cases, young children should eat more mineral containing food than pregnant woman. Both male and female needs 800mg of calcium, 800mg of phosphorus, 15mg of zinc and 150mg of iodine in their daily lives.

Vitamins It is researched that young children are allowed 2000 to 3500 IU vitamin A, 400 IU vitamin D, 15 IU vitamin E, 1-2 mg vitamin K, 0.5 to 11 mg vitamin and 40mg vitamin C.
Females in their lactation and pregnancy should be provided with 600 and 800 IU of vitamin A, 400 IU of vitamin D, 11 to 16 mg of vitamin , 2mg of vitamin , 15 to 20mg of , 2.5mg of , 8mcg and 6mcg of and 60mg of vitamin C.
In studies, it is found that vitamin A intake is more required in children than pregnant women and vitamin K is not essentially needed for pregnant woman. The amounts of vitamin D requirements are not much different for both.
For both sexes, RDA for vitamin A is 4500 to 5000 IU, vitamin D 400 IU, vitamin E 20 to 30 IU, vitamin K is 1-2 mg, vitamin is 12 to 20mg and vitamin C is 35 to 40mg.

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