Nutrition Study Guide

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Topics: Nutrition
Chapter 1: Introduction and Definitions

1. Components of defining one’s health
Intellectual stimulation
Emotional
Medical/Physiological
Physical/Exercise
Spiritual
Social
Mental/Psychological
Nutrition/Dietary

2. Balance: optimize & balance your situation
Optimization: optimize the behaviors you do in your life
Perfection: can’t strive for it because it can make you emotionally tired

3. Having a cookie once a while (moderation) will not destroy your health, having a cookie-lifestyle is what leads to unbalance and destructive health.

4. Top Ten leading causes of death due to lifestyle habits:
Heart DX (1)
Cancer (2)
Stroke (3)
Diabetes Mellitus (6)
Alzheimer DX (8)
Kidney DX (9)

5. Nutrition is the study of:
Food nutrient & other substances
Their relation to health & disease
Fxs of ingestions on thru excretion
Sociology, economics, culture, psychology
Book Definition: The American Medical Association defines nutrition as the “science of food; the nutrients and the substances therein; their action, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease; and the process by which the organism (e.g., human body) ingests, digests, absorbs, transports, utilizes, and excretes food substances.” Food provides the nutrients needed to fuel, build, and maintain all body cells.
6. Essential nutrients the body doesn’t make enough, it must come from the diet, and nonessential nutrients are ones that the body can make. Cholesterol is nonessential because the body can make it. Not all nutrients are essential but a vast majority are.
Difference between essential amino acids and nonessential amino acid:
The body needs 20 different amino acids to function. Although all amino acids are important, 11 of them do not need to be obtained from the diet. They are classified as nonessential (or dispensable) amino acids because our bodies make them, using other amino acids we consume. The 9 amino acids the body cannot make are known as essential (or

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