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Nutrition for Health and Social Care, Task 3 Merit

By Baker26 Apr 19, 2013 662 Words
Task 3 nutrition:
Population group| Explanation of effect of these influences on long term health.| Babies/infants0-9 months| * Breast milk is really good for babies as it provides all the energy, nutrients, antibodies and fluids that a baby needs in order to grow and develop healthy during the first six months of life. * Eating up to two portions of oily fish a week while breast feeding is good as eating fish is good for the development of your baby’s brain and eyesight. * Drinking caffeine and alcohol when breast feeding is not recommended as these pass into breast milk and may affect your baby’s sleeping, feeding or digestion. * Bottle feeding should still provide a baby with all of the nutrients needed as there is a very strict criteria in which formula products must meet. * Foods such as wheat, eggs, fish, shellfish, and certain cheeses should be avoided in infants under 6 months as this will reduce the risk of allergies developing or exposure to harmful bacteria. | Kumar, a 10 year old Hindu boy who lives with parents | * Children need a good supply of protein and other nutrients including calcium, iron and vitamins A and D because childhood is an important time for growth and development. * A child needs calcium for healthy bones and teeth. * A child needs vitamin D as it helps bones grow stronger along with calcium. * A child needs iron for healthy blood and it also helps fight infection. * By eating a vegetarian diet, you could end up deficient in some nutrients, including protein, iron, calcium and vitamin B12.| A 16/17 year old girl in your student group who works part time | * A teenager may be more aware of their appearance which could lead to a poor diet and in some cases an eating disorder. * Grabbing quick snacks are often high in saturated fat, salt and should not be used as an alternative to healthy meals as this will not give a person a balanced diet.| John an obese 35 year old living in the developed world who has diabetes type 2| * Type 2 diabetics must keep their blood glucose levels as normal as possible through a balanced diet and exercise, otherwise large amounts of glucose can damage blood vessels, nerves and organs which could lead to a stroke, heart disease, retinopathy and many other disorders * You should not drink too much alcohol if you have diabetes as it is very high in sugar which will raise your blood sugar levels. * Too much saturated fat in your diet (often found in cheap snacks) could lead to obesity which contributes to many health conditions such as heart disease and raise a person’s cholesterol level. * Smoking drains the body of many essential vitamins and minerals, affecting your ability to absorb these vital nutrients especially vitamin C. Your body needs more vitamin C to counteract the damage that smoking causes to your cells.| Sariqua 20 year old student now living away from home who is pregnant. | * Grabbing quick snacks are often high in saturated fat, salt and should not be used as an alternative to healthy meals as this will not give a person a balanced diet. * It is important in pregnancy to eat a balanced diet * Many women think that you need to eat for two when they are pregnant as this can encourage them to put on too much weight during pregnancy. * When you are pregnant you are advised to avoid alcohol altogether, particularly during the first three months because there is a link between alcohol consumption and the risk of miscarriage. * Muslims celebrate Ramadam which involves a period of fasting. They must ensure they eat a balanced diet either side of their fasting days to ensure nutritional health. However pregnant women are exempt from this fasting period. * If you take part in a lot of sport you will burn a lot of calories, so it is important for your energy intake to match that of your exercise level.|

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