Topics: Nutrition, Obesity, Health Pages: 5 (1520 words) Published: July 13, 2014
University of Phoenix Material

Nutrition and Health Worksheet

Use Ch. 1 of Contemporary Nutrition, Ch. 2 of Visualizing Nutrition, supplemental course materials, the University Library, the Internet, or other resources to answer the following questions. Your response to each question should be 75 to 100 words.

1. What is nutrition? Why is nutrition essential to our daily lives? Prevention is probably the best word to describe what nutrition is and why it is essential. Nutrition is the total of all processes involved in the taking in and using food substances for proper growth, functioning, and maintenance of health. Nutrition plays a role in many disease states, and in many cases proper nutrition has the potential to help prevent or delay the onset of certain diseases. Nutrition is important in every age group, not only for growth but also quality of life. Nutrition is vital for the proper functioning of cardiovascular renal, pulmonary, nervous, digestive, and immune system.

2. What is the connection between nutrition and health?
Study after study has shown that people who eat whole foods rich in nutrients enjoy vital health, longer life and a reduced risk of many diseases. Eating nutrient-rich foods can also help people to maintain healthy body weight. Good health is largely dependent on good nutrition. A well balanced diet that offers consistent nutrition is often the reason for long life. Maintaining your general health includes addressing the mind, body, spiritual and social connections of who you are and how you live.

3. What are the six classes of nutrients? What are essential nutrients? What are the sources of nutrients? What do nutrients do? Chemical substances in food that contribute to health. Nutrients nourish us by providing calories to fulfill energy needs, materials for building body parts, and factors to regulate necessary chemical processes in the body. Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals, Water are six classes of nutrients. Essential nutrients are those that our bodies are not able to make in amounts essential for good health so therefore must be obtained through diet. Nutrients function to provide energy, build and repair tissue, and regulate body processes. Sources of nutrients include meats, eggs, beans, fruit, plant oils and animal fats

4. How do vitamins and minerals work?
Vitamins are organic compounds that are essential in small quantities for normal physiological and metabolic functioning of the body. Minerals are inorganic and they are single elements rather than compounds. Both vitamins and minerals are needed in much smaller amounts then carbohydrates, proteins, and fats yet they are just as essential; they work in conjunction with other nutrients in the body to regulate many processes, including energy production

5. What does it mean to eat a balanced diet? Why is food choice important for good nutrition? Adequate nutrition within caloric needs. People should consume a variety of nutrient dense foods and beverages within and among the basic food groups. While choosing foods that limit the intake of saturated and trans fatty acids, cholesterol, added sugars, salt, sugars, and alcohol. Good nutrition lowers your risk of developing chronic diseases. Good nutrition is an important part of leading a healthy life and well being

6. What is under nutrition? What is over nutrition?
Malnutrition (failing health that results from long standing dietary practices that do not coincide with nutritional needs) can refer to either over nutrition (nutritional intake greatly exceeds the body’s needs). Or under nutrition (failing health that results from long-standing dietary intake that is not enough to meet nutritional needs); neither state is conducive to good health. Nutritional imbalances like over nutrition and under nutrition may lead to severe health difficulties.

7. Why is physical activity important as it relates to nutrition...
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