Nutrition

Topics: Cancer, Immune system, Oncology Pages: 5 (1816 words) Published: December 4, 2013


Nutrition for Health and Wellness Assignment # 2

Research claim:

Probiotics in Preventing Colon Cancer

Probiotics in preventing colon cancer
Humans are composed of foreign species, which were not created by the body. These living organisms can be beneficial to our body and can also have detrimental effects as well. The human body relies heavily on these organisms for daily metabolic processes. Probiotics are one of the many living microorganism’s that can be found in the human body. It is said that probiotics have been traced to the prevention of colon cancer. The topic of what probiotics are will be discussed in full detail, which will be followed by the explanation of what and how colon cancer works. The final topic that will be discussed is how probiotics can help prevent colon cancer, and the scientific evidence. The debate on whether or not this claim has been widely approved will also be discussed as well. Probiotics are living microorganisms that are naturally found in the body, and believed to be beneficial to the host organism. Our body naturally teams with these organisms and aid in improving our health (Jaret, 2004). The effects of probiotics can be highly influential to our body, when given in the right amounts. The types of probiotics are usually classified in strains. Since it is a living organism, it has its own genetic information, thus can providing an array of various types. Our intestines are made up of hundreds of these bacterial species. They help in keeping the intestinal linings healthy, and assist in breaking down food. Researchers have claimed that many disorders that are put upon the body are caused by the imbalance of these microorganisms in the intestines (Jaret, 2004). The imbalance can occur from consuming antibiotics, after an infection or when the lining of the intestines is damaged. It is said that probiotic organisms assist in maintaining a strong immune system. In the last century, there has been an increase in allergic cases and auto immunity. This may be a case of the immune system not being challenged by pathogenic organisms. Introducing friendly probiotic organisms is believed to challenge the immunity in a healthy way (Jaret, 2004). Probiotics also help the body in recovering from various ailments, which include; diarrhea prevention in children and adults, irritable bowl movements and preventing eczema. Studies have also shown that probiotics have been linked to the prevention of childhood ear infections, strep throat, colds and diarrheal illness (Jaret, 2004).

Probiotics have become widely popular in today’s diets and meals. These organisms’ can be found in dairy products such as, yogurt, cheese and other foods containing live cultures. Probiotics also come in various forms such as powders, tablets and capsules. The forms in which you consume these probiotics do not matter, as along as you have a sufficient amount to start growing in the intestinal region. Experts presume that the normal prescribed amount should be around 50 million to as many as 1 trillion live cells per dose (Jaret, 2004). Although probiotics can be beneficial to you, there are some people that cannot consume them. Probionts can pose as a threat to those who have a weakened immune system. Since it does act as a bacterium, a weakened immunity may require a substantial amount of energy in fighting the organism, which can create complications within the body. Studies have also shown that those who suffer from pancreatic problems have a higher chance of dying when given these probiotics (Jaret, 2004). Since these probiotics have a pathogenic nature, many issues arise regarding their infectivity and long or short-term effects on the human body. An experiment conducted by researchers from the public health institute in Tokyo, analyzes the negative effects that probiotics may have on a host organism. The experiment was performed by inserting an array of...

Cited: Chen, C., Lin, W. C., Kong, M. S., Shi, H. N., Walker, A. W., Lin, C. Y., & Huang, C. T. (2011, September 30). Oral inoculation of probiotics Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM suppresses tumour growth in segmental orthotropic colon cancer and extra-intestinal tissue [Electronic version]. British Journal of Nutrition, 1-12. doi:10.1017/S007114511004934
Ishibashi, N., & Yamazaki, S. (2001, February). Probiotics and Safety [Electronic version]. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 73(2), 4655-470s.
Jaret, P. (2004, July 20). What Are Probiotics? In WebMD. Retrieved November 10, 2011, from http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/features/what-are-probiotics
Saikali, J., Picard, C., Freitas, M., & Holt. P. R. (2004). Fermented Milks, Probiotic Cultures, and Colon Cancer [Electronic version]. Nutrition & Cancer, 49(1), 14-24. doi:10.1207/s15327914nc4901_3
What Is Cancer (2011, July 29). In Nation Cancer Institute. Retrieved November 10, 2011, from http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/cancerlibrary/what-is-cancer
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