Nursing theory

Topics: Nursing, Nurse, Florence Nightingale Pages: 7 (1770 words) Published: September 25, 2014


Importance of Theory
Shanna Akers
Chamberlain College of Nursing
Theoretical Basis for Advanced Nursing Practice
NR501
Kari Luoma
September 13, 2014
Importance of Theory
In today’s society, the lack of knowledge involving nursing theories is present. Theorists began discoveries in the early 1800s with Florence Nightingale and have continued to expand ever since (Hegge, 2013). “Nursing theory is defined as an organized framework of concepts and purposes designed to guide the practice of nursing" (nursingtheory.org, 2013). Nurse theory guides the practice of the nurses. There are three different categories for nursing theories; grand theory, nursing-practice theories, and middle range theories. The introduction to nursing theories seems to be minor in associate and bachelor’s degree programs compared to a master’s degree program. Nursing theory is the basis of care for patients. The outcomes of the patient depend on the practice given by nurses. Studies show that those nurses who have a background associated with theory, practice, and research give the best practice. Orem’s Self Care Deficit theory discusses the fact that illness or problems arise with patients. As people are presented with situations that decrease their ability to care for themselves, it is beneficial for a nurse to step in and be involved in their care. This paper will discuss the importance of nursing theory, summary of Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory, and the views of nursing education involved with Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory. Importance of Nursing Theory

Theory is defined as "a belief, policy, or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action" (Nursingtheory.org, 2013). Nursing theories were and are still developed to improve nursing care, policies, and procedures. Without the theorist in the past and present, nursing would not be the profession that it is today. The importance of theories has evolved as the nursing theories have developed over many decades. The lack of education across the nursing spectrum has caused many nurses to be blind to the importance of including theory into their practices. The discussion of nursing theories is missed in the associate degree programs. This is also a reason that the lack of education is present. “Providing a definition of nursing theory also helps nurses to understand their purpose and role in the healthcare setting” (Colley, 2003). It is also important to know what nursing theories are important to individual practice. Depending on the work that you perform, different theories will have a stronger threshold than others. Practice-based theories affect the staff nurse and it is important to focus on the quality of care given. Those nurses that have a strong background in theory have a solid platform to begin their practice as a nurse. Developing new, up-to-date skills is also an important practice that needs to be the center of care. Common goals need to be made with nurses who work together and theories can be used to ensure that these goals are met. It is important to remember that the care of the patient needs to be the focus of care as well. Summary of Selected Nursing Theory

The Self-Care Deficit Theory was developed by Doreothea Orem with hopes to improve the quality of care of individuals who were lacking the ability to care for themselves. The theory takes place when it is noted that a patient is struggling to care for himself or herself or can not complete processes that they normally could. A baseline of a patient is needed to compare the patient's deficits. Activities of daily livings are a way to assess the patient’s abilities to function on a regular basis. An assumption of Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory is that a person’s knowledge of potential health problems is needed for promoting self-care behaviors (Nursingtheory.org, 2013). Orem’s also presents that a patients needs to be accepting and able to care for themselves and others....

References: Colley, S. (2003). Nursing theory: its importance to practice. Nursing Standard, 17. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12961951
Comley, A. (1994). A comparative analysis of orem’s self-care model and peplau’s interpersonal theory. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 1994(20), 755-760
Hegge, M. (2013). Nightingale’s environmental theory. Nursing Science Quarterly, 26, 211-219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0894318413489255
(2013). Nursing Theory. Retrieved from http://nursing-theory.org/articles/nursing-theory-definition.php
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