What is the difference between a comprehensive health assessment and a specific or risk assessment?
Comprehensive health assessment is baseline for the nurse making a care plan and doctor diagnosing. It is analysing physiological, psychological, spiritual, socioeconomic, and cultural variables which can impact a person's functional health status (UTS handbook, 2012). Comprehensive assessment, is the collecting of data from an individual's information and monitoring the health status, this includes health history obtained via interview and physical examination (Lawrence, 2012). It describes the past and current health status of the patient which is compared with changes in future (Jarvis, 2012). Nurses can understand a patient's holistic health situation from this assessment.
Compared with comprehensive assessment, specific and risk assessment are more narrowly focused. Specific assessment is focusing on a particular problem or one body system (Jarvis, 2012). Nurses use this kind of assessment to collect data on a specific body function. Pain assessment is an example of specific assessment, it is assessing physical and psychosocial pain, treatment response and self-management, then deciding on non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment (Jarvis, 2012). Specific assessment helps nurse understanding of the client's detailed health status in one particular area and for providing appropriate treatment. Risk assessment is used to indicate the patient's risk of injury or disease. Statistics from the population group is matched to the individuals characteristics, and this is the base for an individual risk assessment (Stanley, 2012).
Different assessments have different focus on health. Comprehensive assessment is getting health information of the client by different specific assessments, it does not focus on a particular aspect. Specific and risk assessment are not for every patient, different patients have different health situations. Nurses will use...
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