Nursing Philosophy, Model, and Theory Discussion
NUR 403October 19, 2014 Introduction
For the past four weeks, we have been learning about many different nursing theorists. In this paper, we will be discussing how the different nursing theorists have enhanced our views of the nursing process. We will also explain how some of the nursing theories have influenced our everyday practice. How nursing theorists have expanded our views of the nursing process “Nurses’ practice and their ability to sustain their practice depend on relevant nursing knowledge; that is, relevant nursing models and the theories and research that they generate” (Meehan, 2012, pg. 2906). As a team, we agree that nurses must incorporate theories, philosophies, and models in our everyday practice. We have the same goal to care for our patients and families as a whole while promoting optimal health to increase the quality of life. In week three of this class, we examined the theories of Nightingale, Orem, Watson and Leininger. We identified that each of the theories had a different focus while addressing the nursing process. Florence Nightingale encourages the nurse to focus on the environment as she believed that external influences can prevent, suppress or contribute to disease or death. Dorothea Orem felt that if the nurse focused on promoting independence, this would lead to health and maintenance of well-being. Jean Watson believed that caring is the center of nursing, and the nurse can influence health and healing by utilizing the ten carative factors within his/her practice. Finally, Madeleine Leininger’s goal was to encourage nursing to provide care congruent with the patient’s cultural values, beliefs, and practices. How nursing theory fits in our workday
Throughout history nursing has been trying to connect the dots between theory, research, and practice. "As our nurse leaders shared their ideas about the essences and empirics of nursing, they spoke out about the need for...
References: Chinn, P. L., & Kramer, M. K. (1999).Theory and nursing (5th ed). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
Meehan, T. (2012). The careful nursing philosophy and professional practice model. Journal Of
Clinical Nursing, 21(19/20), 2905-2916. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04214.x
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