Grand Canyon University: NRS 429V
July /07/ 2013
World Health organization (WHO) defined health promotion is a process of enabling people to increase control over, to improve their health. It go beyond the focus from individual health towards social and cultural interventions ( world Health organization- health promotion 2013). Global conference held in Helsinki explains promotion of health not focused to a specific health problem nor to a special group, but the strategies applied to a variety of population group, risk factors and diseases in various settings (The 8th Global Conference on Health Promotion in Helsinki 2013). Health care is evolving rapidly with education and technology to prevent diseases and promote health of public not only in specific group or to special behavior but also spread to wards national wide and reduce cultural disparities (Institute of medicine of the national academies - Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity and the Elimination of Health Disparities)
Promotion of Health in Nursing
Nursing is the major part of evolving health care system and health promotion is a most important aspect of nursing. Contemporary nursing not focus on single illness or specific group but nursing centered on education of public to improve and promote healthy living. Public health nursing established as a special nursing at this time to providing scientific knowledge to public in preventive health care (ANA evolving public health nursing focus on health promotion). Public health nurses have an inevitable role to achieve improvements in the health and social conditions especially with vulnerable populations in rural communities. Primary, secondary and tertiary heath prevention in community is mainly accomplished by public health nurses. According to institute of Medicine (IOM) want to encourage more advanced practice nurses (APNs) work in community level to deliver effective health care to public by proper screening, identify the risk group and early diagnosis(IOM report 2011). According to IOM report the physicians can be replaced by APNs with same amount of care. This will provide community better quality of life with less health care cost. Nursing Roles and Responsibilities in Health Promotion.
In 21st century, nursing is dynamic which increases responsibilities of nurses in health care with a variety of nursing roles. As the development of contemporary nursing in which nursing care is provide to individual and families has changed to a focus of community and/or the population as a whole(ANA evolving public health nursing). Public health nurses are work as equal partners with communities and population, and their roles include collaboration and partnership with public to improve health and social conditions and problems (ANA evolving public health nursing).
Public health nursing including but not restricted to, community clinic, housing developments, local and state health department, parishes and school health programs (ANA evolving public health nursing). High risk susceptible people are often focus of care, and main concentrations on homeless individuals, elderly, smokers, teen mothers and those at risk for a specific disease. Specifically nursing role is to cooperate and collaborate with different agencies and centered on communities and populations to expand and extent health care in easily affordable level (ANA evolving public health nursing focus on health promotion).
Implementation of Health promotion
In contemporary view health promotion involves working with different people from different situations with variety of aims to promote health. This goal would be attain by proper management of resources and also with specific intervention of methods. Provide affordable health care to all Americans with proper health coverage is another dream by horizon 2020. Identify the target community problem/goals to be addressed and assess the...
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