nursing

Topics: Human body positions, Fowler's position, Surgery Pages: 4 (1930 words) Published: October 28, 2014

BED POSITIONS AND USES
PRONE
The prone position is a position of the body lying face down. It is opposed to the supine position which is face up. Using terms defined in the anatomical position, the ventral side is down (which is towards the abdomen), and the dorsal side is up (which is towards the back or posterior of the body). Prone refers to that pattern for the forearm, where the palm of the hand is directly behind the head, or at the sides and the radius and ulna are crossed. The main physiological aims of prone position are: to improve oxygenation; to improve respiratory mechanics; to homogenize the pleural pressure gradient, the alveolar inflation and the ventilation distribution; to increase lung volume and reduce the amount of atelectatic regions; to facilitate the drainage of secretions; and to reduce ventilator-associated lung injury.

SUPINE
The supine position is a position of the body, lying down with the face up, as opposed to the prone position, which is face down, sometimes with the hands behind the head or neck. When used in surgical procedures, it allows access to the peritoneal (is a potential space between the parietal peritoneum and visceral peritoneum, that is, the two membranes that separate the organs in the abdominal cavity from the abdominal wall), thoracic and pericardial regions; as well as the head, neck and extremities. Using terms defined in the anatomical position, the dorsal side is down, and the ventral side is up. The uses of supine position are exercising. Lying down to exercise alleviates strain on your back, allows weak muscles to exercise that cannot exercise in any other position, and can relax tense muscles to facilitate range of motion activities. BED POSITIONS AND USES

SUPINE

RECUMBENT
Recumbent position means lying down in a backward position. Another term for recumbent is “decubitus”, the recumbent position is mainly practiced for medical examinations. There are different types of recumbent positions,...
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