Topics: Nursing, Nursing theory, Scientific method Pages: 3 (666 words) Published: December 24, 2012
Japan Journal of Nursing Science (2008) 5, 71



Nursing theory – remembering our future
Modern nursing theory began with Virginia Henderson in the 1960s. In her grand theory of nursing, she defined nursing as “assisting individuals to gain independence in the performance of activities contributing to health or its recovery (Henderson, 1966, p. 15). Since the 1970s, the literature on nursing theory has focused upon two levels of nursing theories: the “grand nursing theory” and the “middle-range nursing theory.” Grand nursing theories are broad in scope and often emphasize relationships that are difficult to actually test. Examples of grand nursing theories include Rogers “science of unitary human being”, Newman’s “health and expanding consciousness”, and Parse’s “theory of human becoming” in addition to Henderson. Middle range theories are more modest in scope and have the potential to be validated through research. Examples include Rogers’ “theory of accelerating change,” Roy’s “theory of the person as an adaptive system, and King’s “theory of goal attainment.” Educators spent a great deal of energy moving middle range theories into the academic curriculum, care planning processes, and languages that purported to capture clinical practice. Today there seems to be less of a need for nursing to have its “own” theory that describes how human beings live, adapt, become ill, recover, and heal. Rather, nursing science utilizes both physiological processes and social cognitive theories to attempt to understand individuals, families, and communities and how they experience their health, illness, and wellness. At the same time, today there is great excitement and energy focused upon evidence-based practice and practice-based evidence as strategies for building our knowledge for effective nursing practice. Often these two models represent a quantitative and qualitative perspective, sometimes a deductive and inductive...

References: Henderson, V. (1966). The Nature of Nursing. NY: Macmillan. World Health Organization (2007). People at the Centre of Health Care: Harmonizing mind and body, people and systems. South-East Asia Region and Western Pacific Region. Geneva, Switzerland.
© 2008 The Author Journal compilation © 2008 Japan Academy of Nursing Science
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Is Nursing an Art or Science Essay
  • Essay about A Better Understanding of the Integration of Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing
  • Intro to Evidence Based Practice Nursing Essay
  • nursing Essay
  • Nursing Wound Care Essay
  • Nursing Knowledge Research Paper
  • The Future Of Nursing Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free