The Nuremberg trials were descried as “the best trials I history” by Norman Birkett a
British judge who presided over the major war criminals (www.wikipedia.org). In my research
paper I will be talking about how the Nuremberg trials were created, the main events and the
people involved and the first and second parts of the trials. The international military tribunal and
the doctor and military trials. The Nuremberg trials were essential in bringing Nazi war criminals
to justice and enabled Europe to move on after world war 2.
The Nuremberg trials were created by the allied forces. Wikipedia.org states “On
January 14th, 1942 representatives from the nine occupying countries met in London to draft the
inner-allied resolution on German war crimes”. There were 3 meetings between the 3 main
forces of the allied party. The meetings were held in Tehran, Yalta, and Potsdam. “The three
major war time powers, the united kingdom, united states, and the union of soviet socialist
republics agreed on the format of punishment for those responsible for war crimes during world
war 2. France was also awarded a place on the tribunal” (Wikipedia.org). The location that held
the trials was also an important factor of the trials. There were many places considered but in the
End Nuremberg Germany was chosen.
“The choice of the city was significant for it was here that the national socialist party held its annual rallies. Adolf Hitler intended for it to be rebuilt as the
‘party city’. Now many of the leaders of the party were on trial for their lives, only a short distance from the grand arena where they had been feted by the German people”(www.bbc.co.uk).
The city that the nazi party was first created and was once under their control was now going to
Be the place they fought for their lives. Nuremberg was once the place that “hosted annual
Propaganda rallies and was the city of the Nuremberg laws” (Wikipedia.org). as the trials were
Created each county had a say in what happened and how the criminals were punished. On
August 8th, 1945, the United States, great Britain, France, and the soviet union drew up an
Agreement and charter for the prosecution of the major war enemies” (metris encyclopedia p. ).
As well as having a say on how the criminals were punished each country also had their own
Had their own judges and prosecutor on the tribunal. Wikipedia.org states that “each of the four
countries provided one judge and an alternate, as well as a prosecutor”
on November 20,1945 the first of set of trials started. They were named the international
military tribunal. “The tribunal was given the task of trying 23 of the most important political
and military leaders of the Third Reich”(Wikipedia.org). This was the most notable of the
Nuremberg trials. “though one of the defendants, martin Bormann, was tried in absentia”
(Wikipedia.org). martin Bormann went into hiding after World War 2 ended but was later found
And tried in absentia. Wikipedia.org states that “Robert lee one of the defendants, committed
Suicide in his jail cell. www.bbc.co.uk states Robert lee, best known for his role as head of the
‘Strength of joy’ movement, which masterminded the Volkswagen car, hanged himself in his
Cell a few weeks before the trial started, so shamed was he by the accusations of crime”. Also
there were 3 people missing who all Committed suicide 7 months before the trials. Wikipedia.org
states that “absent from the 23 were Adolf Hitler, heinrich Himmler, and joseph Goebbels, all of
whom had committed suicide several Months before the indictment was signed”. The defendants were all extremely intelligent and had above average I.Q’s, but the exception of 1. Wikipedia.org
states that “ the Rorschach test was...
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