People attend colleges or universities for a lot of different reasons. I believe that the three most common reasons are to prepare for a career, to have new experiences, and to increase their knowledge of themselves and the world around them. Career preparation is becoming more and more important to young people. For many, this is the primary reason to go to college, They know that the job market is competitive. At college, they can learn new skill for careers with a lot of opportunities. This means careers, such as information technology, that are expected to need a large workforce in the coming years. Also, students go to colleges and universities to have new experiences. This often means having the opportunity to meet people different from those in their hometowns. For most students, going to college is the first time theyve been away from home by themselves. In additions, this is the first time theyve had to make decisions on their own. Making these decisions increases their knowledge of themselves. Besides looking for self-knowledge, people also attend a university or college to expand their knowledge in subjects they find interesting. For many, this will be their last chance for a long time to learn about something that doesnt relate to their career. I would recommend that people not be so focused on a career. They should go to college to have new experiences and learn about themselves and the world they live in. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement Parents are the best teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Throughout my life, I have been lucky enough to have a very good relationship with my parents. They have supported me, given me necessary criticism, and taught me a great deal about how to live my life. Parents can be very important teachers in our lives however, they are not always the best teachers. Parents may be too close to their children emotionally. Sometimes they can only see their children though the eyes of a protector. For example, they may limit a childs freedom in the name of safety. A teacher might see a trip to a big city as a valuable new experience. However, it might seem too dangerous to a parent. Another problem is that parents may expect their childrens interests to be similar to their own. They cant seem to separate from their children in their mind. If they love science, they may try to force their child to love science too. But what if their childs true love is art, or writing, or car repair Parents are usually eager to pass on their value to their children. But should children always believe what their parents do Maybe different generations need different ways of thinking. When children are young, they believe that their parents are always rights. But when they get older, they realize there are other views. Sometimes parents, especially older ones, cant keep up with rapid social or technology changes. A student who has friends of all different races and backgrounds at school may find that her parents dont really understand or value the digital revolution. Sometimes kids have to find their own ways to what they believe in. The most important thing to realize is that we all have many teachers in our lives. Our parents teach us, our teachers teach us, and our peers teach us. Books and newspapers and television also teach us. All of them are valuable. ( Books and newspapers) Books, newspapers 3. Nowadays, food has become easier to prepare. Has this change improved the way people live Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. The twentieth century has brought with it many advances. With those advances, human lives have changed dramatically. In some ways life is worse, but mostly it is better. Changes in food preparation methods, for example, have improved our lives greatly. The convenience of preparing food today is amazing. Even stoves have gotten too slow for us. Microwave cooking is much easier. We can press a few buttons and a meal is completely cooked in just a short time. People used to spend hours preparing an oven-cooked meal, and now they can use that time for other, better things. Plus, there are all kinds of portable, prepackaged foods we can buy. Heat them in the office microwave, and lunch at work is quick and easy. Food preparation today allows for more variety. With refrigerators and freezers, we can preserve a lot of different foods in our homes. Since technology makes cooking so much faster, people are willing to make several dishes for even a small meal. Parents are more likely to let children be picky, now that they can easily heat them up some prepackaged macaroni and cheese on the side. Needless to say, adults living in the same house may have very different eating habits as well. If they dont want to cook a lot of different dishes, its common now to eat out at restaurants several times a week. Healthful eating is also easier than ever now. When people cook, they use new fat substitutes and cooking sprays to cut fat and calories. This reduces the risk of heart disease and high cholesterol. Additionally, we can buy fruits and vegetable fresh, frozen or canned. They are easy to prepare, so many of us eat more of those nutritious items daily. A hundred years ago, you couldnt imagine the process of taking some frozen fruit and ice from the freezer, adding some low-fat yogurt from a plastic cup and some juice from a can in the refrigerator, and whipping up a low-fat smoothie in the blender Our lifestyle is fast, but people still like good food. What new food preparation technology has given us is more choices. Today, we can prepare food that is more convenient, healthier, and of greater variety than ever before in history. 4. It has been said, Not every thing that is learned is contained in books. Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important Why Experience is the best teacher is an old clich, but I agree with it. The most important, and sometimes the hardest, lessons we learn in life come from our participation in situations. You can learn everything from a book. Of course, learning from books in a formal educational setting is also valuable. Its in schools that we learn the information we need to function in our society. We learn how to speak and write and understand mathematical equations. This is all information that we need to live in our communities and earn a living. Nevertheless, I think that the most important lessons cant be taught they have to be experienced. No one can teach us how to get along with others or how to have self-respect. As we grow from children into teenagers, no one can teach us how to deal with peer pressure. As we leave adolescence behind and enter adult life, no one can teach us how to fall in love and get married. This shouldnt stop us from looking for guidelines along the way. Teachers and parents are valuable sources of advice when were young. As we enter into new stages in our lives, the advice we receive from them is very helpful because they have already bad similar experiences. But experiencing our own triumphs and disasters is really the only way to learn how to deal with life. 5. A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory Explain your position. New factories often bring many good things to a community, such as jobs and increased prosperity. However, in my opinion, the benefits of having a factory are outweighed by the risks. That is why I oppose the plan to build a factory near my community. I believe that this city would be harmed by a large factory. In particular, a factory would destroy the quality of the air and water in town. Factories bring smog and pollution. In the long run, the environment will be hurt and peoples health will be affected. Having a factory is not worth that rise. Of course, more jobs will be created by the factory. Our population will grow. To accommodate more workers, more homes and stores will be needed. Do we really want this much growth, so fast If our town is going in growth, I would prefer slow growth with good planning. I dont want to see rows of cheaply constructed townhouses. Our quality of life must be considered. I believe that this growth will change our city too much. I love my hometown because it is a safe, small town. It is also easy to travel here. If we must expand to hold new citizens, the small-town feel will be gone. I mould miss that greatly. A factory would be helpful in some ways. However, I feel that the dangers are greater than the benefits. I cannot support a plan to build a factory here, and hope that others feel the same way. 6. MA If you could change one important thing about your hometown, what would you change Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer. If I could change one thing about my hometown, I think it would be the fact that theres no sense of community here. People dont feel connected, they dont look out for each other, and they dont get to know their neighbors. People come and go a lot here. They change jobs frequently and move on. This means that they dont put down roots in the community. They dont join community organizations and theyre not willing to get involved in trying to improve the quality of life. If someone has a petition to put in a new street light, she has a very hard time getting a lot of people to sign. They dont feel it has anything to do with them. They dont get involved in improving the schools because they dont think the quality of education is important to their lives. They dont see the connection between themselves and the rest of their community. People dont try to support others around them. They dont keep a friendly eyes on their children, or check in on older folks if they dont see them for a few days. Theyre not aware when people around them may be going through a hard time. For example, they may not know if a neighbor loses a loved one. Theres not a lot of community support for individuals. Neighbors dont get to know each other. Again, this is because people come and go within a few years. So when neighbors go on vacation, no one is keeping an eye on their house. No one is making sure nothing suspicious is going on there, like lights in the middle of the night. When neighbors children are cutting across someones lawn on their bikes, theres no friendly way of casually mentioning the problem. People immediately act as if its a major property disagreement. My hometown is a nice place to live in many ways, but it would be much nice if we had that sense of community. 2-4(street light) streetlight 7 How do movies or television influence peoples behavior Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer. Do movies and television affect our behavior A special concern is whether movies and television make children and society more violent. I believe that movies and television do influence our behavior, both for the better and for the worse. Movies do make people more violent. The more we see violent acts on television, the less sensitive we become to them. Eventually violence doesnt seem wrong .we may even commit violent acts ourselves. This is especially true because we dont always realize that violence has consequences. Actors can be killed and come back for another movie. Sometimes we confuse that with reality. We forget that killing someone is permanent. Movies and television also influence our behavior because they make us less active. Looking at films is a passive activity. If we watch too much, we become unhealthy, both mentally and physically. We stop using our own imagination when we see things acted out for us. Mental laziness becomes physical laziness wed rather watch sports on to than play sports ourselves. wed rather visit with the characters on Seinfeld or Friends than go chat with our own neighbors. Imaginary people have exciting lives. Is it any wonder that some people would rather live a fantasy life than their own Of course, watching movies and television can also be good for us. It can give us a broader window on the world. For example, seeing movies can expose us to people of different races and cultures. We can then overcome some prejudices more easily. Recently there have been more handicapped people in films, and this also helps reduce prejudice. The best influence on our behavior is that movies and television reduce stress. Watching films, we can escape our own problems for a little while. Also, sometime movies show positive ways to resolve problems we all face. While TV and movies shouldnt be a way to hide from life, sometimes they can help us cope. It is true that movies and television can influence our behavior negatively. However, I also believe that they influence our behaviors in positive ways. How they affect you depends on how much you watch, what you watch, and how you respond to what you watch. 1-1 (behavior) behaviors 8 Do you agree or disagree with the following statement Television has destroyed communication among friends and family. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. Some people believe that television has destroyed communication among friends and family. I think this is an exaggeration. In my opinion, whether or not television hurts communication depends on what type of program is being viewed. More importantly, it depends on the type of viewer. There are empty programs and educational programs. Empty programs do not challenge people. They have just enough storyline to keep them from switching channels. There are also passive and active viewers. A passive viewer will just watch television without thinking about what be or she seeing. The combination of an empty program and a passive viewer makes communication unlikely. Passive viewers just continue to watch, actually enjoying the fact that they dont have to think. They wont break away to talk about programming with friends and family. Even with better programming, passive viewers still wont think or communicate much. The probably even prefer the empty program because the better programming is too much work. On the other hand, active viewers watching educational programming always want to share what they see with friends and family. Educational doesnt necessarily mean documentaries on BBS. They could be dramas with realistic relationships or action shows with clever plotlines. When active viewers watch programs, they have ideas and talk about them with others. Good programming inspires them to change their thinking and their lives. Unlike passive viewers, they dont want to watch more and more without thinking. Television may destroy communication among passive viewers. Those viewers probably dont want to communicate with friends and family much anyway. For active viewers who already enjoy communicating, television is actually helpful 9 Some people prefer to live in a small town, Others prefer to live in a big city. Which place would you prefer to live in Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. I grew up in a small town and then moved to a big city, so I have experienced the good and bad sides of both. I never thought that I would like living in a big city, but I was wrong. After ten years of living in one, I cant imagine ever living in a small town again. Small towns and big cities both have some problems in terms of transportation. In a small town, you have to own a car to ensure a comfortable living .you cant get around without one because there isnt any kind of public transportation. Big cities generally have heavy traffic and expensive parking, but there you have a choice of taking public transportation. Its not free, but its often cheaper than driving when you consider gas and time, especially if you dont have a car, youre better off in the city. I love the excitement of big cities. Small towns have a slow pace. Large cities mean you have to adapt to a variety of situations, like finding a new route to work or trvine a new restaurant. I enjoy that challenge very much. Another part of the excitement of city living is the variety of cultural activities available. There is a wild assortment of theatre music and dance performances available in big cities. These things are rare in small ones. The final thing I think about large cities is the diversity of the people. the United States is made up of people of different races, religions, abilities, and interests. However, you seldom find such a variety of people in a small town. I think that living in an area where everyone was just like me would quickly become boring. Of course, security is a concern, and that one area where small towns are superior to big cities. Still, I would rather be a bit more cautions and live a large city than to feel secure but bored. 3-3 trvine 10 When people succeed, it is because of hard work, Luck has nothing to do with success. Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above Use specific and examples to explain your position. When people succeed, it is because of hard work, but luck has a lot to do with it,too. Success without some luck is almost impossible. The French emperor Napoleon said of one of his generals, I know hes good. But is he lucky Napoleon knew that all the hard work and talent in the world cant make up for bad luck. However, hard work can invite good luck. When it comes to success, luck can mean being in the right place to meet someone, or having the right skills to get a job done. It might mean turning down an offer and then having a better offer come along. Nothing can replace hard work, but working hard also means youre preparing yourself opportunity. Opportunity very often depends on luck. How many of the great inventions and discoveries came about through a lucky mistake or a lucky chance One of the biggest lucky mistakes in history is Columbus so-called discovery of America. He enriched his sponsors and changed history, but he was really looking for India. However, Columbus chance discovery wasnt pure luck. It was backed up by years of studying and calculating. He worked hard to prove his theory that the world was round. Success that comes from pure luck and no hard work can be a real problem. For example, consider a teenage girl who becomes a movie star. Imagine shes been picked from nowhere because of her looks. She is going to feel very insecure, because she knows she didnt do anything to earn her stardom. On the other hand, think about an actress whos spend years learning and working at her craft. When she finally has good luck and becomes a success, she will handle stardom better, she knows she earns it. People who work hard help make their own luck by being ready opportunity knocks. When it comes to success. I think that hard work and luck so hand in hand.