NovicetoExpertTheoryAnalysis

Topics: Nursing, Nursing theory, Nursing practice, Competence, Skill, Four stages of competence / Pages: 5 (1240 words) / Published: Jan 12th, 2015
Novice to Expert Theory Analysis
Bernetta Howard, BSN, CCRN, RN-BC
Liberty University
Nursing Theory
NURS 502 / B02
Dr. Linda Miller
February 03, 2013

Theory Analysis Exemplar: Patricia Benner’s Novice to Expert Theory
Introduction
How does a nurse progress in her clinical proficiency and skill in her profession? At one point does she graduate from novice stage and become an expert in clinical care. The following is an analysis of Patricia’s Benner’s Novice to Expert Theory. The synthesized method of theory evaluation will be utilized to evaluate Mrs. Benner’s theory. McEwen and Wills (2011) outline the synthesized method of theory as a method designed to evaluate middle range and practice theories. Benner’s work can be considered a grand theory yet is classified as high middle range.
Background
Dr. Patricia Benner was born in Virginia and educated in California. She received her bachelor’s degree in nursing from Pasadena College, her master’s degree in medical surgical nursing from the University of California. She holds professor emerita status is Social and Behavioral sciences at the University of California, San Francisco. She is a world-renowned author, researcher, lecturer and educator on ethics, stress, health and skill acquisition. Dr. Benner has authored nine books, her most notable being Novice to Expert first published in 1984. This book theorizes Dr. Benner’s descriptive research that identifies five levels competency obtained in clinical practice.
Theory Description
Purpose of Theory
Benner’s theory describes and explains the five stages of clinical competence: novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient and expert. Altmann (2007) asserts Patricia Benner has provided essential understanding of how knowledge and skills are acquired and directly applied to nursing practice, education, research and administration.
Scope of Theory
Novice to Expert theory is classified as a high middle range theory. High middle range theories



References: Altmann, T. (2007). An evaluation of the seminal work of Patricia Benner: theory or philosophy? Contemporary Nurse, 25(1-2), 114-123. Benner, P. (1984). From Novice to Expert- Excellence and Power in Clinical Nursing Practice. Menlo Park, California: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. Benner, P. E., Tanner, C. A., & Chesla, C. A. (2009). Expertise in Nursing Practice : Caring, Clinical Judgment & Ethics. Springer McEwen, M., & Willis, E. (2011). Theoretical Basis for Nursing (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

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