NOTION OF AN AUTHORITARIAN STATE
Clearly explain the notion of an authoritarian state. Give examples GOMOLEMO PRUDENCE MAGANO 201200953
2. Clearly explain the notion of an authoritarian state. Give examples. This question is meant to clearly discuss the notion of an authoritarian state and to further elucidate the information with relevant examples. In response to this question, key concepts will be clearly defined which are; notion, authoritarian and state. Furthermore discuss what an authoritarian state entails .This paper will start by defining the concepts, it will then outline and explain the characteristics of an authoritarian state, moreover it will clearly state and discuss the types of an authoritarian state. Furthermore this paper will show how an authoritarian state works in practice. Finally this paper will give an overview by concluding. DEFINITION OF CONCEPTS
According to Livingstone, C. (2008), Oxford Mini Dictionary and Thesaurus, 2nd Edition, New York, Oxford University Press Inc., the term “notion” refers to an idea ;an understanding, “authoritarian” is explained to be demanding strict obedience, ”state” has been defined as political association sovereign across a geographic area and population. An authoritarian state is a state which enforces strong and sometimes oppressive measures against the population, political power is centralised. In authoritarian states political authority is mainly concentrated in a small group of politicians or an individual, all power for making decisions, passing laws and conducting the business of the state is placed within them. CHARACTERISTICS OF AN AUTHORITARIAN STATE
Ball, A.R & Peters B.G (2005), Modern Politics & Government, Seventh Edition New York, Palgrave Macmillan stipulates that the autocratic system used within an authoritarian state give rise to difficulties of conceptualization. Furthermore an authoritarian state is often unstable and likely to change more rapidly as compared to others. Moreover this state is characterised by limitations on open political competition, the overt deployment of coercion, weakly supported civil liberties and lack of judicial independence. Key factors that often generate authoritarian government in entire economies are lack of transparency and the absence of rules in the process of rent distributions which could originate from the fact that internal organizations of the government is de facto highly centralised. For example in Nigeria after the oil boom resource abundance tends to generate one party dominance. An authoritarian state is characterized by submission to authority as well as the administration of said authority. Political power is centralized, and political authority is mainly concentrated in a small group or an individual. Power of decision making, determining policies, passing laws and conducting business of the state is placed within the small group of officials with legitimate political power. In the authoritarian state the leader is usually the expert and authority on a subject and often given the very position of authority on this basis. The team members and the population follow the leader’s orders without deviating from his decisions. The people do not really have a say in the decision making, the decisions are never up for debate .In other words the leader has sole political power on what goes and what does not. Moreover political decisions made are private, that is they decisions are personalised thus being made by a select group of officials in secrecy. Political repression and the exclusion of potential threats are used as means to maintain highly concentrate and centralized power. Arguments or view points of the people are not taken into account. Within an authoritarian state, social and economic institutions not under government do exist. There is low charisma thus a role of conception is held by the leader as an individual and the ends of power are private, which...
Bibliography: (1)Ball, A.R & Peters B.G (2005), Modern Politics & Government, Seventh Edition New York, Palgrave Macmillan
(2) Kim E, M. Big Business; Strong state: Conclusion and conflict in South Korean Development (1999), State New York, University of New York Press Albany
(3) Hargopian M, N. (1984), Regimes, Movements and Ideologies: Introduction to Political Science, 2nd edition New York, Longman.
(4) Livingstone C. (2008), Oxford Mini Dictionary and Thesaurus, 2nd Edition, New York, Oxford University Press Inc.,
(5) Magstadt Thomas M. (2011), Understanding Politics, 9th edition, Boston Wadsworth Cengage Learning
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