Notes on English Literary Terms

Pages: 5 (1163 words) Published: December 7, 2008
Unit 1: the beginnings if an American Tradition
Conceit-a kind of metaphor that makes a comparison between two startlingly different things Context-a word refers to the words that surround it and to the situation in which it is used. Dialogue-a third way to make your language more vivid.

Diction-a writer’s choice of words, particularly for clarity, effectiveness, and precision. Iambic couple-a rhythmic pattern an unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable: two successive lines that rhyme. Journal-a kind of autobiographical writing, generally a day-by-day record of events in a person’s life and of that person’s reflections. Metaphor-a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things which are basically dissimilar. ornate style-a highly elaborate style of writing popular in England and America in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Paraphrasing-to restate its language and ideas in your own words. Plain Style-a simple and clear style if writing which began as a revolt against ornate style. Plot elements:

Plot-narrative is the story’s sequence of events.
Conflict-a struggle between two opposing forces or characters. Complications-consist of new conflicts or setbacks for the main character. Climax-the decisive turning point.
Resolution-shows the aftermath or outcome
Point of view-the vantage point from which a narrative is told. Precise verbs-to show action.
Sensory images-details that appeal to the five senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell and taste. Spiritual autobiography-a form of experiences told often .
Tall Tale-a humorous story that is outlandishly exaggerated
Theme-the general idea or insight about life that a writer to convey in a literary work. Tone-the attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters, and readers. Unit 2: the Revolutionary Period

Allusion-a reference to a person, a place, an event, or a literary work that a writer expects a reader to recognize. Almanacs-a book of months and days for one year, containing weather predictions, a wide variety of miscellaneous information, and, often, proverbs. Aphorisms-a terse, pointed statement expressing some wise or clever observation about life. Aphoristic Style-composed sentence with extra care.

Logical-reasons, facts, and expert opinions to support a position statement. Emotional-arouses the audience’s feelings by means of vivid examples and details, as well as words with strong connotations, or overtones. Ethical-builds credibility with the writer or speaker is knowledgeable, responsible, and sincere. Argument by Analogy-common persuasive device: when a writer compares two similar situations, implying that the outcome of one will resemble the outcome of the other. Connotations-words are the feelings and attitudes that they suggest. Epitaph-a inscription on a gravestone or a short poem written I memory someone who has died. Literary Letter-a letter that is deliberately written to be read by a wide audience. Order of Importance-to a range your support in a persuasive essay. Parallelism-the use of phrases, clauses, or sentences that are similar or complementary in structure or in meaning. Personification-a figure of speech in which something nonhuman is given human qualities. Persuasion

Beginning-announcing the subject
Middle-explains and illustrates the subject
Ending-summarize the subject and draws a conclusion
Position Statement of Proposition-in a persuasive essay is the writer’s opinion on n issue. Repetition-phrases or sentences that are similar in structure or meaning. Rhetorical Question (rhetoric)-the art of using language of persuasion. Simile-a figure of speech comparing two essentially unlike things through the use of a specific word of comparison , such as like, as, than, or resembles. The Autobiography: First-Person Point of View-can give writing immediacy and intimacy. Unit 3:First Harvest

Allegory-a tale in prose or verse in which characters, actions, or settings represent abstract...
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