notes of expanded studies

Topics: Central, Hong Kong, Structural engineering, Structural system Pages: 25 (2580 words) Published: February 10, 2014
Design and Applied Technology Teaching Kit for Senior Secondary Curriculum

Visit : Central

Structure of Skyscrapers
[Student notes]

Organizer

Sponsor

Research Team

Preamble

Learning plan

i

Visit: Central - Structure of Skyscrapers
1.1 Itinerary

01

1.2 Introduction

02

03

1.3 Structural System Comparison of Skyscrapers

1.4 Checkpoints

1

Old Supreme Court (Former Legislative Council Building)

04

2
HSBC Headquarters

06

3

Cheung Kong Center

08

4

Bank of China Tower

09

5
Murray Building

10

Summary, Key words and Further reading

11

Disclaimer
Create Hong Kong of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region provides funding support to the project only, and does not otherwise take part in the project. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in these materials/events (or by members of the project team) do not reflect the views of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. © 2012 Hong Kong Institute of Architects

Design and Applied Technology | Visit: Central - Structure of Skyscrapers

Contents

Topic 11
Visit: Central - Structure of Skyscrapers
Major teaching area
Chapter II Force and Motion


Force and Motion

Chapter VIII Energy and Use of Energy


Energy efficiency in building and transportation

Interdisciplinary teaching areas
Design and Applied Technology


Strand 2 Technological Principles

Liberal Studies



Module 2 Hong Kong Today
Module 6 Energy Technology and Environment

Learning Objectives


To experience the various form of architectural structure of different times in 1:1 scale and in the city context

Design and Applied Technology | Visit: Central - Structure of Skyscrapers

Physics

Learning plan
Lesson
Field Trip

Contents

Itinerary

Central



Major Structural system in Skyscrapers



Spatial arrangement in Skyscrapers



Curtain Wall system



On-site Exercise

i

1.1 Itinerary

Design and Applied Technology | Visit: Central - Structure of Skyscrapers

1
2
3

4

5
Pre-Trip Introduction (20 min)

Structural system, structural element, structural material and spatial arrangement in skyscrapers •
Objectives and on-site exercise introduction

Planned route
Field Trip (approximately 2 hours)

20 min

30 min

30 min

30 min

30 min

1

2

3

4

5

Court of Final Appeal
(Former Legislative
Council)

HSBC Headquarters

Cheung Kong Center

Bank of China
Tower

Murray Building

01

1.2 Introduction
Tall buildings are symbolic elements within any city, carrying significant political, social, cultural and even religious meanings. Today cities compete to produce the tallest building in the world as a way of showcasing financial and economic power. Understanding the structures of these buildings, and how they support themselves as well as the loads imposed on them by the environment, is a fascinating way to see the real-life applications of physics. and Outrigger Structural System

Core wall
usually located at the centre or side of building, the reinforced concrete wall, which is the major structural load bearing element and provide rigidity to resist deflection caused by strong wind



Structural Steel External Frame
series of steel column located at the building perimeter, with steel beams connecting the steel columns to core wall



Steel Frame Structure system
(HSBC)

Steel
External
Frame

Outrigger
huge braced frame (with height equivalent to 2-3 storeys), located at each 20-30 storeys to enhance the rigidity of external frame



p

Transfer truss
usually adopted to provide spacious ground entrance. Building load from columns on upper floors is transferred down to fewer main columns (super /...
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