The first soliloquy of Hamlet falls in the Act 1, Scene II, after the King Claudius and the Queen Gertrude urges Hamlet in the open court to cast off the deep melancholy which, as they think, has taken possession of his mind as a consequence of his father’s death. In their opinion, Hamlet has sufficiently grieved for his father’s death already. Prior to the soliloquy, the King Claudius and Queen Gertrude makes announcement to their marriage, as according to them, the court could not afford excessive grief, which further saddens Hamlet. Hamlet refers the world as an ‘unweeded garden’ in which rank and gross things grow in abundance. In the first soliloquy, Hamlet bemoans the fact that he cannot commit suicide. He wishes that his physical self might cease to exist. He says: “O that this too too solid flesh would melt,
Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew!”
Though saddened by his father’s death, the larger cause of Prince Hamlet’s misery is Queen Gertrude’s disloyal marriage to his uncle, barely in a month of his actual father’s death. He scorns his mother by saying: “Frailty, thy name is woman!”
Prince Hamlet mourns that even ‘a beast would have mourned a little longer’. Hamlet considers this marriage of his mother, to be an incestuous affair. -------------------------------------------------
This soliloquy shows Hamlet’s deep affection with his beloved father. It also puts light on the character of the dead King that he was a loving husband and a respected father. This soliloquy also enlightens the fact in the haste in which Queen Gertrude decides to marry with the dead King’s brother, without mourning for a respectable period of time. Hamlet’s second soliloquy occurs in Act 1, Scene 5, right after the ghost of the dead King, Hamlet’s father, leaves having charged Hamlet with the duty of taking the revenge upon the murderer of his father: “foul and most unnatural murder”
The ghost of the dead king tells Hamlet that as he slept in his garden, a villain poured poison into his ear. The ghost reveals to Hamlet about the murderer by saying: “The serpent that did sting thy father’s life / Now wears his crown” It reveals the fact to Hamlet, that actually King Claudius is the real murderer of his dead father. Hamlet got stunned by the revelation and echoes of the Ghost’s words asking him to remember it. This soliloquy, as reveals an important secret to Hamlet, carries within the rage and grief of Hamlet. He is shocked, stunned and in great grief upon the revelation of the fact that his father was rather murdered by Hamlet’s uncle, than to be naturally died. Hamlet now refers to his mother as the “most pernicious woman” and to his uncle as a “villain”, a “smiling damned villain”. In the end of the soliloquy, Hamlet swears to remember and obey the ghost. -------------------------------------------------
This soliloquy holds immense importance and is one of the pivotal pillars in Act 1. The third soliloquy falls in Act 2, Scene 2, after Rosecrantaz and Guildenstern leave. In this third installment of soliloquy Hamlet shares his inner feelings to the audience/reader, in which he specifically scolds himself for the continuous failure to execute his revenge of his dead father’s murder. Prior to the start of the soliloquy, when a group of actors came to perform a play, Prince Hamlet asks the main lead to perform a play which he particularly likes; the play about the fall of Troy and the Prince and Queen, Priam and Hecuba. The player’s shedding tears while reciting a speech descriptive of Hecuba’s grief over the death of her husband stings Hamlet and makes him scold himself for his inaction. Hecuba is nothing to the player, and yet the player wept for her fate. What would the player do if he had the motive or the passion which Hamlet has? The player, at Hamlet’s place, would certainly drown the stage with tears and “makes mad the guilty and appeal the free…” Hamlet regards himself as a “dull and muddy-metalled rascal” who has, so...
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