Many of us may think verbal communication or language is the sole type of communication that we use to commune with others. This is far beyond this case. You may not realize it, but he majority of communication that you use to commune is in fact nonverbal. Nonverbal communication can be practiced though touch like shaking a hand or your eye contact which falls under Haptic communication. Nonverbal communication can be conversed simply in the image your body looks like, for example an old person versus child to the way you are dressed like a police uniform verses a half naked surfer. Physical environment plays a large role in nonverbal communication. This includes the space that is put between the senders and receivers and actual physical boundaries and environment such as furniture and artwork. One of the most influential forms of nonverbal communication in my opinion is someone’s movement and body arrangement which is referred as Kinesics. This falls under posture which can reveal someone’s attention as a receiver or sender to gestures which are non vocal physical movement indented to send out a message to the receiver.
Some of us have heard a quote from our parents or close relatives “a first impression is a lasting one”. This is because the way you look has a major impact on how you communicate to everyone around you. Take for example the way someone dresses. In most cases you are going to dress for the occasion you are attending. If you happen to be a executive of a large company who represents many people, you are not going to stroll in a board meeting in a tank top and jeans. It will make you unprofessional by the means that nobody will take you seriously. Your actual physical body structure has a impact on how you communicate. A tall muscular man will in most cases have more authority and respect to a person or group as a leader then a scrawny little girl. Age also has an effect on nonverbal communication. If we go back many years when the lifespan of a human was rare over fifty or sixty years of age, we treated these elders with respect and accepted their wisdom and guidance. However this also comes with gender. There were few or none women elders at that time which brings to the fact that men were and still somewhat are treated with more seriousness.
When speaking orally with someone, we may notice how we spaced ourselves with the listener. For example it may become natural for us when speaking with a close friend, to allow them to stand closer to you then a customer that you are meeting for the first time to discuss business. The amount of physical spaced needed solely depends on the relationship you have with your listeners. This communicates many emotions like aggression, affection and fear. These zones are divided into four sectors circling with you in the center. From going closer to you to farther from you, they are intimate, social, personal, and public space. With intimate being your closest zone, you only allow a select group to make contact with you. “Your invading my personal space” is a prime example of this. Many will become threatened and develop hostility toward a stranger who walks up directly to you without identifying themselves first and violates your intimate space. Imaginary space we put between people is not the only type of method we use to communicate to others. Actual physical objects plays a role also, for instance buildings, office spaces and trophy rooms. Many industrialized countries have always competed with each other to have the biggest and tallest objects. Whether it would be skyscrapers to roller coasters to cars. It communes dominance and pride to posses things like these. You walk into a well known sport player trophy room and see there rows and rows of trophies they have acquired over the years, it communes great respect and accomplishment for what they had done. Another example is walking into a executive office of a big business. You see elegant furniture, colorful...
Cited: Axtell, Roger E. Gestures The DO 's and TABOO 's of Body Language Around the World. New York City: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1991.
Cohen, Bryan. "Posture, Height and Weight, Age and Gender." Bodily Characteristics of Nonverbal Communication. 19 Nov. 2010. eHOW. 6 Sep. 2010 .
"Eye Contact." Beyond Language
"Exploring Vocal Paralanguage." The Human Voice. 20 Nov. 2010. University Of California, Sana Cruz. http://nonverbal.ucsc.edu/voicerev.html.
Hagar, Joseph. "The Expression...." Introduction To The DataFace Site: Facial Expressions, Emotion Expressions, Nonverbal Communication, Physiognomy. 18 Nov. 2010. 2003 .
Herring, Roger D. "Nonverbal Communication: A Necessary Component of Cross-Cultural Counseling." WHAT IS NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION? Vol. 18, Issue 4. (Oct9): 1. 16 Nov. 2010 .
Solucija. 2002 .
King, Shirly. The Glorious Touch of a Baby
Please join StudyMode to read the full document