Non-Renewable Energy Resources

Topics: Coal, Petroleum, Nuclear fission Pages: 5 (1458 words) Published: May 27, 2008
Non-Renewable Energy Resources
This Project will be in two Parts. The first part is about
Non-renewable energy. Non-renewable energy is a resource that will some day we will run out of. Non-renewable energy is a resource that will some day we will run out of.

The second part is on Renewable energy. Renewable energy is a resource that we will never run out of because it is continually being replaced.

The sun is the source of all our energy resources. The sun's energy reaches Earth and is converted into many forms , which we then use to supply our energy demand.

Non Renewable Energy Resources

COAL. One of the most important natural fuels, coal was formed from plant life buried in the Earth millions of years ago. Like petroleum and natural gas, it is a carbon-based fossil fuel.

Coal is most commonly used to produce electricity in power plants. It also is an important fuel for heating and powering industrial and manufacturing facilities, and for making steel. The many chemicals derived from coal are used in industrial processes and in the manufacture of nylon, paints, plastics, synthetic rubber, aspirin, and thousands of other useful products .

A hydrocarbon, coal is classified in ranks, or types, according to the amount of heat it produces. This depends upon the amount of fixed carbon it contains. The ranks, in increasing order, are lignite, or brown coal; subbituminous coal, or very soft coal; bituminous coal, or soft coal; and anthracite, or hard coal. Bituminous coal is the most abundant type.



There are many different varieties of crude oil, ranging from very fluid, volatile liquids to viscous, semisolid materials. Crude oil is usually either black or green, but it can also be light yellow or transparent. Crude oils vary considerably in density and are described as heavy, average, or light. Light oils are valuable because they contain more gasoline the most valuable product refined from petroleum.

Crude oil and natural gas are called hydrocarbons because they are composed of compounds made up almost entirely of carbon and hydrogen, along with some minor impurities sulfur, nitrogen, and oxygen.

Petroleum is crude oil, a naturally occurring liquid that can be distilled or refined to make fuels, lubricating oils, asphalt, and other valuable products. The word petroleum comes from the Latin petra, meaning "rock," and oleum, meaning "oil." Used in a broad sense, petroleum also refers to natural gas and solid asphalt, or tar.

Crude oil is a valuable raw material that is used in making a great variety of products. About 70 percent of the energy consumed in the western world comes from crude oil and natural gas. Crude oil is refined into fuels, including gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel fuel, furnace oil, and fuel oil. It is also the source of greases, waxes, and coke. Crude oil and natural gas are used to make feedstocks chemicals that are the basis of hundreds of petrochemical products, including paints, plastics, synthetic rubbers and fibers, fertilizers, drugs, and explosives.


Natural gas is a mixture of flammable gases, mainly the hydrocarbons methane and ethane, that occurs beneath the surface of the Earth. Helium is also found in relatively high concentrations in natural gas. Manufactured gas is derived principally from coal and petroleum. Natural gas usually occurs in association with petroleum because geological conditions favorable for it generally are favorable for natural-gas occurrence as well. Although many natural gases can be used directly from the well without treatment, some must be processed to remove such undesirable constituents as carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and other sulfur componants.


Nuclear Power.

Energy is locked in the nuclei of atoms. The nuclei of atoms contain two kinds of particles protons and neutrons. The nuclear particles can store energy. Some nuclei spontaneously rearrange, or lose some particles, and emit...
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