Nobel Prize

Topics: Nobel Prize, Light / Pages: 3 (561 words) / Published: Dec 15th, 2013
Nobel Prize "The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: /- - -/ one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics ..."(Alfred Nobel). The Nobel Prize was created by a Mr. Alfred Nobel who had accumulated much wealth throughout his life (mostly due to his invention and production of dynamite) and loved learning in all fields. Following his death much of his wealth was put towards starting a Nobel Peace Prize. 835 individuals and 21 organizations have received the Nobel Prize including Martin Luther King Jr., Winston Churchill, Albert Einstein, and many other great men and women. Speaking of which only 15 women have ever received a Nobel Prize, the first receiving hers in 1905. Even more surprising only two women have ever won physics Nobel Prize, Mrs. Marie Curie in 1903 (and later a Chemistry Prize in 1911) and one Maria Goeppert-Mayer in 1963. Also, the country with the most Nobel Prize winners is the US, followed by the UK. Physics was the first subject field that was mentioned in Alfred’s will which makes sense since he himself in his studies had much to do with physics. The Nobel Prize in Physics is given to the person who contributes the greatest physics related invention or discovery in that year. The year I am reporting is 1907. The recipient or Laureates as they are known, in this year was a Mr. Albert A. Michelson. Albert had a natural gift for optics and dealt well with measuring velocity of light (Finding a more accurate measurement for the speed of light) and went on to measure objects in wavelength of light. He was the first American scientist to win a Nobel Prize which he received for his Michelson interferometer. The interferometer measures distance, refraction, and wavelength of light accurately by splitting a beam of light into 2 and then back into one where they would observe if there was any change in either beam. He used

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