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no exit

By fuqher Dec 01, 2013 537 Words
Although traditional sin doesn’t seem to be portrayed by Gracin and Inez, if one was to take a closer look they would see that both Garcin and Inez were in grasp of being existentialist; just like Estelle. Firstly, Sartre's strong association with the existentialism philosophy is exemplified in No Exit. It is a portrayal that life in Hell is just the same as life on Earth, perhaps the only difference being that their sins are magnified. As the lives of Inez, Estelle, and Garcin continue in Hell, their main torment is the one thing that they were never able to achieve on Earth. So due to the consequences of their actions, they eternally suffer in Hell. This presents a contrasting view to one tenet of existentialism, something which Sartre was heavily affiliated with. If there were no ill consequences, on what grounds would people be sent to Hell or Heaven for that matter? This new view brings to light the absurdity of life. What did Garcin do in order to be sent to Hell for all eternity? He was just a coward who claimed to be a Pacifist. And that is something he chose to do in life; an action that relied on his free will. The dramatic irony is that he must endure the embarrassment of his mortal life all over again in his immortal life, merely for exercising his free will. Through this, Sartre not only insinuates the absurdity of life, but also the bleakness that humanity serves. By incorporating such views, he sets up a condition that horrifies the reader, yet inspires satire. At the beginning of the play, Inez asks Garcin if he is the torturer, from which Garcin replies that he no such thing. From this, Garcin is blind to realize that she is the torturer, merely mistaken for a casual human being. Such dramatic irony enriches the existentialist views inspired in the play, and it works for both lovers and haters of the philosophy. It creates the perspective that you're damned if you do, and you're damned if you don't. The effects of No Exit may cause a reader to oppose existentialism, but whatever the case may be, it surely provokes the reader to think about the cause and effects of life. Living a life that wasn't meant to be lived by you completely falsifies your identity. This was Garcin's case, and his torturer was Inez, who knew in truth that he was a coward. Inez, the cold, apathetic clerk, had Estelle as her torturer, and Estelle would only surface unrequited love. Estelle, the femme fatale, remained tortured because she could never get Garcin to love her, as he is the only man within her reach. This is the main ingredient that produces the dramatic irony throughout the play. With Inez tormenting Garcin, Garcin tormenting Estelle, and Estelle tormenting Inez, each without realization that they are each other’s "Satan", a strong irony is presented. This irony affects the reader in such a way that they learn it is not people which create our madness, but more the way we feel toward them. Madness cannot root from other people's actions, but it can root from the effects of their actions.

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