Nixon And Watergate

Topics: Gerald Ford, Richard Nixon, Jimmy Carter Pages: 10 (517 words) Published: July 31, 2015
Nixon and Watergate
Kimberly Williamson
HIS/135
May 31, 2015
Instructor Kathleen Stillio

Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon was elected the 37th
President of the United States (19691974) after previously serving as a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator from
California. After successfully ending
American fighting in Vietnam and
improving international relations with
the U.S.S.R. and China, he became the
only President to ever resign the office,
as a result of the Watergate scandal.

Richard Nixon's detente policies
• President Nixon was looking to better the relations with Russia. • Limited Nuclear Weapons.
• Produce the first strategic arms limitation Treaty ( SALT 1) which froze the nuclear missiles (ICBMs) of both sides at
present levels.

The Watergate Scandal
The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s as a result of the June 17, 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee (DNC)
headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington,
D.C., and the Nixon administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement.

The Watergate Scandal Effects
Positive

• Created a set of standards for
all future presidents.
• Freedom of information act.
• Inspired investigative
journalism.

Negative

• Distrust of politicians.
• Resignation of president
Nixon.
• Americans are less likely to
vote and less like to think that
their vote matters.

Gerald Ford
When Gerald R. Ford took the
oath of office on August 9,
1974 as our 38th President, he
declared, "I assume the
Presidency under extraordinary
circumstances...This is an hour
of history that troubles our
minds and hurts our hearts."

Gerald Ford and the Watergate Scandal
After being sworn in as president, Ford pardoned Richard Nixon for his part in the Watergate Scandal.
Gerald Ford inherited the presidency under unenviable
circumstances. He had to try to rebuild the confidence in the government after the Watergate Scandals and also had to restore the economic prosperity in the midst of difficult domestic and international conditions. Some of the success in the first of these efforts he did enjoy, but not so much the second one.

Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter served as the 39th President of
the United States from 1977 to 1981. He was
awarded the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize for
work to find peaceful solutions to
international conflicts, to advance
democracy and human rights, and to
promote economic and social development.
But because the public still did not trust
politicians, Carter ran as Washington
Outsider, a popular position in the post
Watergate era and also won a narrow victory.

The Conclusion
There were some positive and negative effects, that came from the Watergate Scandal.
• The Watergate Scandal eventually caused president Nixon to resign.
• The vice president Ford becomes the first vice president and afterwards president to not be elected.
• Americans still do not trust the institution of the government and politicians and an "outsider" Jimmy Carter was elected.

References
Gerald R. Ford | whitehouse.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved from
https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/geraldford
James Carter | whitehouse.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved from
https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/jimmycarter
Richard M. Nixon | whitehouse.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved from
https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/richardnixon
Watergate Scandal - Facts & Summary - HISTORY.com. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/watergate



References: Gerald R. Ford | whitehouse.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved from
https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/geraldford
James Carter | whitehouse.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved from
https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/jimmycarter
Richard M. Nixon | whitehouse.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved from
https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/richardnixon
Watergate Scandal - Facts & Summary - HISTORY.com. (n.d.). Retrieved
from http://www.history.com/topics/watergate
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