Nilgai or blue bull is uncommon in Malaysia. The one which are in captivity at Lok Kawi Wildlife Park are exhibited for the purpose of education and attraction. Nilgais in Lok Kawi are originated from India.
There are five nilgai exhibited in Lok Kawi which includes two females, two males and one young nilgai. The male and female Nilgai are different and easy to be indentified. In captivity, their behavior is passive. We started observation at 11.00 pm until 1.00 pm. There are not many movements that can be observed. When we started our observation, a male Nilgai is drinking water which is in a big container at the front area of the fence.
Nilgai in Lok Kawi are separated from other animals, unlike certain other animals, like deer are in the same area with cassowary. They have a large area surrounded by fence for only themselves. The two males stay at a distance with each other. Another male is bigger than another one. The bigger male, assumed male A and the smaller male, assume male B. Same goes to female Nilgai, the bigger female, assumed female A and smaller female, assumed female B.
Male A moves around more often on the day of observation. Male A had been observed at the meal area. Their meal consists mainly of fresh leaves and was put under human-made shade. In other words, the meal is served at the shady area. When we reached their area, the leaves were already there. The feeding time maybe earlier from the time we start our observation. As we observed, female B often seen under the meal area’s shades, eating the meal.
There is also another larger shades made for the Nilgai which all of them can fit there. Under the shade, there are water and meal provided also. The young Nilgai, most of the time, was always seen under the shade with female A. So, female A is most probably the mother of the young. Male B which had been finished drinking also joined female A under the shades. Their area is grassy, but the Nilgai was never