Nigeria Correctional System

Powerful Essays
Nigeria Correctional Systems 1

Nigeria Correctional System
Chiquita Yusuff
Axia College CJS/230

Nigeria Correction System 2

“Protect the society; reform the prisoner. If you cannot do the time, do not do the crime”. This is the motto used by the country of Nigeria, in regards to its correctional system. The slogan is an understatement when it comes to the actual and physical sense of being a prisoner in the Nigerian prisons. Nigerians prison systems concept of prison organization and administration was introduced by the British colonial administration. The present system to date still conforms to the British model (NCJRS government publications). Nigeria had a dual prison system for more than a half century until the consolidation of the federal and local prisons in 1968. The Nigerian Prison Service was headquartered in Lagos and headed by a director responsible for administering nearly 400 facilities. All of these facilities since 1975 came under federal control. The Chief Executive Officer is responsible for the formulations and implementation of penal policies in Nigeria. He is assisted by six Deputy Controllers-General (DCGs) who head the six broad administrative divisions called Directorates into which the Service is broken for efficient management. They are Operations, Administration Personnel Management Training and Supplies, Health and Social Welfare, Finance, Inmates Training and Productivity, and Works and Logistics. The Deputy Controller Generals who head the Directorates report directly to the Chief Executive Officer (Country data .com).

Nigeria Correctional System 3

In 1989 the prison staff was reported to be 18,000, an apparent decrease from the 23,000 level in 1983. The average daily



References: www.justiceaction.org Retrieved on August 1, 2010. www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-9483.html Retrieved on August 1, 2010. www.amnesty.org/.../Nigerian-governor -‘threatens-execute-inmates’-ease-prison-congestion Retrieved on August 1, 2010. www.africafocus.org Retrieved on August 1, 2010. www.prisons.gov.ng/pi.php Retrieved on August 1, 2010.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Prison Service encompasses three central aims; holding prisoners securely, decrease risk of offending and lastly offer safe, well-ordered institutions in which prisoners are treated humanely, decently and lawfully (Cavadino and Dignan, 2007, p.193). When the state incarcerates, it must accept accountability for the basic care of those it detains. Although prisoners should not expect luxuries during their time of incarceration, they should not be deprived of the basic goods and comforts of life. Certification of access to enough goods should be available to help them develop as the citizens expected to be. Lord Justice Woolf (1991) claimed three necessities for the prison system to maintain steadiness: security, control and justice. In terms…

    • 247 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The United States has the highest, documented incarceration rate in the world (Wikipedia.2012.) Approximately 2.4 percent of the United States populations are currently incarcerated. Recently, there has been an estimated amount of 2,266,800 adults currently in prison in both State and Federal Prison Systems. In this paper, I will be talking about a State Prison System, “Louisiana State Penitentiary”. I will be explaining about the growth of state prisons and what has lead us to this rapid growth, how United States Corrections Professionals can solve the problem of exponential growth in state prisons, what levels of security are in both State and Federal Prison Systems and how they differ, and how the United States can improve security at the State and Federal Prison level.…

    • 1225 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Jails vs. Prisons

    • 1472 Words
    • 6 Pages

    To start, this paper has been more than challenging for me. Never before has my eyes been more opened to such differences. And to warn you I may have more information than needed, but no surprise there. Here bellow is what I have come up with on the differences between jail systems and prisons systems.…

    • 1472 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    The world without prison would not have a proper criminal justice system. The law and government uses the prisons for punishment when criminal have committed a crime and other look at prison as a rehabilitate center for criminal that eventually would reunit with the society. People have there own opinion what prison is in that may be the case but people need to no that prison would always be apart of the criminal justice system. This paper will explain the climate of our agency, focusing on the organizational behavior factors that have the most significant influence, such as Leardership in all levels of management, Culture, Systems, Law, and Influential stakeholders, community groups, employees, and other agencies.…

    • 831 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    This paper will analyze the history of state and federal prisons; making a comparison and contrasting about of the different security levels that exist in state prisons and federal prisons. Also it will mention some of the reasons for growth in the state prison system.…

    • 1659 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    The American Prison system is home to many of the nations criminals. The ever-growing population is due in part to incarceration, where an alternate punishment would suffice. The sustenance of the inmates is drawn directly of of society's pocket, in the form of taxes. I believe that we, as a nation, should focus on providing more sensible, economical ways for criminals to pay off their debt to the community.…

    • 912 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Abstract: Based on the ideals of a penitentiary, what it should be like? What was the principal goal of a penitentiary? What were the differences between the two prison models? What were the benefits and drawbacks of each model? Which model was considered to be the winning model?…

    • 969 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    In part 3, Morris (2002, p.171) discusses why prison conditions matter and why penal reformers, including himself, have devoted their lives and travelled thousands of miles to other countries in search of answers to questions that would improve prison correction from what is corrupt or defective. Morris (2002, p.172) suggests human rights are relative to all human beings whether free or imprisoned and he considers prisons as a smaller community within the world. Thus, the infliction of unnecessary torture and pain cannot be justified and therefore must be prevented and eradicated.…

    • 2326 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Around the world there are many different types of prisons. There are a few reasons why imprisonment is a good of a form of…

    • 900 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Penology is a section of criminology that deals with the philosophy and practice of various societies in their attempts to repress criminal activities, and satisfy public opinion via an appropriate treatment regime for persons convicted of criminal offenses. The main focus is on punishment and penal institutions, such as the prison, and their possible justifications.…

    • 7449 Words
    • 25 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Corrections Trend

    • 888 Words
    • 4 Pages

    In this paper the objectives that will be addressed are past, present and future trends of corrections. Also, analyze current and future issues facing prisons and prison administrators as well as the roles and issues of alternate correction systems as a developing trend.…

    • 888 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Although criminals should pay the consequence for their behavior, it should not mean that they should live in overcrowded prisons. An example of an overcrowded prison is shown in Angola, where the max occupancy was for 800 prisoners, yet they had 1,750 prisoners (Stern, 2006). When this happens, the lack of resources, space, and training from needed officers increases. Therefore, conditions become hazardous and prisoners and officers are at higher risk for diseases such as HIV and Tuberculosis (Stern, 2006). Although society feels safe with criminals locked up, they have to realize that a main purpose for prisons is to help reduce crime by showing prisoners that breaking the law will cause them the loss of freedom. Ultimately, leading those criminals who are able to get out, to come out with a sense of a change behavior. However, the system that puts these women, men, and young people in overcrowded prisons are not even worried about the criminal. Instead, they keep increasing the definition of “crime”, which increase the number of criminals in an ineffective prison…

    • 1526 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Prison Enviroment

    • 379 Words
    • 2 Pages

    A prison environment is a place where inmates are physically confined and deprived of a range of personal freedoms. It is a cold and unfeeling place to be. There are many levels of conflict and tension (Foster, 2006). The prison environment influences the institutional management and custody by the growing population and the gangs within the facility. Overcrowding aggravates the natural conflicts that rely within the prisons walls which then escalate violence.…

    • 379 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The corrections leg of the criminal justice system is ineffective because the efforts being made to rehabilitate criminals and keep society safe are failing substantially. The reason for the failure of the current correctional system and all correctional systems in the history of American prisons is an imbalance in the goals of criminal sentencing. These goals can be measured in success by how they were used in the past eras of prison history. Within the 20th century there were 5 prison eras, along with the current prison era. Not one of these eras used a combination of all sentencing goals, leaving an unbalanced and unsuccessful correctional system. It is necessary to review the 20th century prison philosophies, for the purpose of establishing the reasons for failure, in order to create a successful correctional philosophy for the 21st century. A reformation of the correctional system which includes the removal of all non-violent offenders, a period in which violent inmates are in total isolation, intense individual therapy, group therapy, educational and vocational training and a one year probation period after release from prison will allow for criminals to successfully reintegrate into society. In creating a system that balances all five goals of criminal sentencing along with a multiple step program favoring rehabilitation, it is very possible that a balanced and successful correctional system can be formed.…

    • 5792 Words
    • 24 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Health Care is not just of concern to the private sector. Health Care reaches into the prison system as well. Federal and state laws have been created to ensure that the prison system provides health care through the medical facilities available. The Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is the government agency that regulates the health care that is given to federal inmates in the United States. The BOP licenses’, certifies, accredits, and runs the background checks necessary to obtain employment.…

    • 1280 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays

Related Topics