Nigeria

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NIGERIA
The Federal Republic of Nigeria comprises thirty six states and its Federal Capital Territory is Abuja. Nigeria is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean.
The Flag
The flag of Nigeria consists of three equal sized vertical stripes - the right and left stripe are green; and the middle stripe is white. The Nigerian flag was adopted the same day Nigeria gained independence from Britain on October 1, 1960. A competition was held to choose a new national flag to represent an independent Nigeria. A design by a Nigerian student named Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi was chosen in 1959 from almost 3,000 entries.
The coat of arms
The Coat of Arms of Nigeria has a black shield with two white stripes that come together, like the letter Y. These represent the two main rivers flowing through Nigeria: the Benue River and the Niger River. The black shield represents Nigeria's good earth while the two horses on each side represent dignity. The eagle represents strength, while the green and white bands on the top of the shield represent the rich agricultural land of the inspiring country. The yellow flowers at the base (incorrectly shown as red in the image) are Costus Spectabilis, Nigeria's national flower.
NATIONAL ANTHEM
"Arise, O Compatriots" is the national anthem of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. It was adopted in 1978, and replaced Nigeria We Hail Thee. The lyrics are a combination of words and phrases taken from five of the best entries in a national contest. The words were put to music by the Nigerian Police Band under the directorship of Benedict Elise Odiase.
THE NATIONAL MOTTO
The National Motto is "Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress". Currency
Naira is the Nigerian currency
ORIGIN OF THE NAME NIGERIA
In an essay, which first appeared in The Times on 8 January 1897, Flora Shaw

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