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Topics: Monarchy, Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, United Kingdom Pages: 22 (7470 words) Published: November 9, 2013
Государственное бюджетное общеобразовательное учреждение Гимназия № 248 Кировского района г. Санкт-Петербурга

British Monarchy:
Myth or Reality?

Выполнила: Павлова Анна Руководитель: Камитова А.В., учитель английского языка

Санкт-Петербург
2013
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………….………3 CHAPTER 1. The concept of monarchy, a consistent history in the UK………4 CHAPTER 2. The Development of a Constitutional Monarchy in Britain….…6 CHAPTER 3. Elithabeth II………………………………………………………..9 CHAPTER 4. Elithabeth II reign and Victorian era…………………………....12 CHAPTER 5. The role of the monarchy in modern Britain………….…..……..16 CONCLUSION ……………………………………………………………………17 REFERENCES………………………………………………………………………18 APPENDIX…………………………………………………………………………..19

INTRODUCTION

The British monarchy is one of the oldest monarchies in the world. Although the monarchy has changed quite a bit over centuries, the British monarch is still one of the most recognizable world figures. The subject of my work is studying of modern political system of Great Britain, its constitutional monarchy, its influence on the country and its importance. The object of my work is the reign of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. I have chosen this theme because I find it interesting to observe changes in such a far-away country as England, in which society and political system in many aspects differ from those in my country. I have taken the person of Elizabeth II as an example of functions and values of the monarchy today. The theme is up-to-date because Elizabeth II is the main branch of representative government in Great Britain today. The main aims of this work are

-to observe the changes of the British Monarchy,
-to find differences between the old and the new monarchy and -to consider Elizabeth II as a result of changes which have occurred on this way. I have also carried out the analysis of the Victorian era and compared it with the reign of Elizabeth II. Special attention is dedicated to political activity of these queens. To write this work I studied a question from all sides with particular focus on history literature. The structure of the work consists of the following parts: introduction, 5 chapters, conclusion and the list of references. This introduction to my work is based on the choice of the theme, the actuality of the aim and specific problems.

CHAPTER I.
THE CONCEPT OF MONARCHY, A CONSISTENT HISTORY IN THE UK

The British monarchy  is one of the older established monarchies in the world, and although the monarchy has changed quite a bit in the intervening centuries, the British monarch is still one of the most recognizable world figures. When most peoples think of a king or queen, they think about the British monarch. Let's start with a definition of the monarchy.

The word monarch (Latin: monarcha) comes from the Greek words  monárkhēs (from monos, "one/singular," and  árkhō, "to rule") which referred to a single, at least nominally absolute ruler. In current usage the word monarchy generally refers to a traditional system of hereditary rule, as elective monarchies are rare in the modern period. Monarchy is a form of government when the throne is inherited or forced upon one person, who is set apart from all of his subjects. Currently, 44 nations in the world have monarchs as heads of state, 16 of which are Commonwealth realms that recognize Queen Elizabeth II as their head of state....


References: 1. John Arlott, John Snagge, Sir Gerald W. Wollaston. ELITHABETH CROWNED QUEEN. Ohdans press 2006.
2. Brian Hoey, AT HOME WITH THW QUEEN, LIFE THROUGH THE KEYHOLE OF THE ROYAL HOUSEHOLD. Haper Collins 2003.
3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Monarchy/Monarchies_today
4. http://www.royal.gov.uk/
5. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-18237280
Appendix I
Appendix II
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