1. What are the bases of our high level of certainly regarding the text of the New Testament? E&Y, p.35 #6
- There is extensive evidence supporting it, the authors of the books wrote them within living memory of Jesus' life.
- All of documents were in manuscripts form, consulted by scholars to make the modern translations and produce English versions.
- There was Wealth of evidence. “The New Testament is by far the best-attested writing of antiquity. Over five thousand manuscripts containing at least a fragment of the New Testament have been catalogued”. (Elwell & Yarbrough, 2005, page 28)
- Brief time span between the date when the documents were written and the date of the earliest copies we possess.
- Ancient versions of the text were widely distributed.
2. Why was the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D 70 significant for Christianity? E&Y, p.67 # 5
At that time, many of Christians moved out from Jerusalem to be everywhere as Jesus’ prophecy. The destruction of Jerusalem had helped them develop a new theological vocabulary and worship styles designed to reach Gentiles, who became the primary mission.
3. What were the main theological beliefs of the Pharisees? E&Y, p.67 #1
They believed that God exists and the Messiah will come. God rewards the good and punishes the wicked. Also, they believed in angels and spirits, providence, prayer, the last judgment, and the immortality of the soul.
4. What the Matthew’s basic purpose in writing his Gospel? E&Y, p.85 # 1
The Matthew’s basic purpose in writing his Gospel was that he wanted to preserve what he knew about Jesus’ life and words. He wanted to make sure that the truth about Jesus would never be lost.
5. Describe how Jesus’ Divine sonship is developed in Mark? E&Y, p.95 # 3
Jesus’ Divine sonship is developed in Mark started with Jesus’ baptism by John. The account was a revelation of Jesus as Son of God. Jesus saw heaven being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove and hear the voice which declared ““You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.” (Mark 1:11).
For Mark, the most significant title is Son of God, which appeared as key point in his gospel. Jesus addressed God as “Father” (Mark 14:36) and referred to himself as “Son” (Mark 13:32).
The Pharisees complained to Jesus about his actions on the Sabbath, then He said to them: “the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath” (Mark 2:28). And then, “Whenever the impure spirits saw him, they fell down before him and cried out, “You are the Son of God.” (Mark 3:11). In the region of the Gerasenes, a man with an impure spirit saw Jesus from a distance and called Him as “Son of the Most High God” (Mark 5:7c)
At Jesus’ trial, when He was asked “Are you the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One?” He answered “And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.” (Mark 14:62) Then finally at the crucifixion, the story ends where it began, with the centurion confessing, “Surely this man was the Son of God” (Elwell & Yarbrough, 2005, page 91)
6. How is the Holy Spirit emphasized in Luke’s Gospel? E&Y, p.106, # 6
Luke emphasizes the work of the Holy Spirit in his Gospel. Luke especially mentions the Spirit in the first two chapters of his gospel: the angel Gabriel informed Zechariah that his son John the Baptist would be “filled with the Holy Spirit” even before he is born (Luke. 1:15); and Mary is informed that “The Holy Spirit will come upon you” (Luke. 1:35a), and that the Holy Spirit rested upon the prophet Simeon (Luke. 2:25-26). The Holy Spirit descended on Jesus at His baptism. From then on Jesus’ life was characterized by the power and the presence of the Holy Spirit at work in Him. (Elwell & Yarbrough, 2005, page 104) And in the Book of Acts,...
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