New England Colonies

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The Spanish and New England Colonies Over the course of the 15th century, European colonization swept the continent of North America. In spite of the fact the Spanish and the English were located within the same vicinity of the globe, their approaches towards successfully colonizing North America stood apart. The processes of development for the Spanish and New England colonies differentiated significantly because of key elements such as the role of religion, control of the European government, and the treatment of indigenous people. Distinct ideologies amongst the Spanish colonies and the New England colonies regarding the control of salvation through leadership significantly affected the development of their societies. Beliefs about salvation …show more content…
The Spanish and New England colonies had opposite views of how their governments should be composed. The Spaniards were led by their mother country through monarchs. The Spanish government set up the viceroyalty system to govern the new territory. The Spanish monarch would appoint a viceroy who was expected to be the governor and fulfill the orders of the Spanish government. The power of the viceroy was maintained by staying loyal to the Spanish king. The viceroys served as agents to the throne. Meanwhile, the English practiced representation through the idea of republicanism, a representative government which provides protection, privileges, and peace in return for surrendering some natural rights. . The first representative legislature in the North American colonies was the House of Burgesses. The members of the House of Burgesses consisted mostly of white men from the wealthy gentry class. A key factor in becoming a representative was owning land. The House of Burgesses was a representative legislature, but the poor yeoman farmers were not respectfully represented. The Spanish and New England colonies significantly differed in terms of government. In the New England colonies there were no ties to the English monarchy in the House of Burgesses, but in the viceroyalty system, viceroys acted as a substitution for the king by carrying out laws of the Spanish government. The king appointed viceroys, but in New England society, landowners were able to vote to elect members of the House of

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