New England and the Chesapeake: Different Goals, Distinct Colonies

Topics: Thirteen Colonies, United States, Massachusetts Pages: 3 (768 words) Published: September 5, 2013
New England v. Chesapeake DBQ
The British North American colonies were each founded with different peoples, which different reasons for establishing their respective colonies. Because of different founding reasons, colonial politics and economy, geography, and demographics, the colonies of New England and the Chesapeake region developed distinctly from each other.

The New England colonies were founded based on religion. The colonists were mainly Puritans escaping religious persecution in England. John Winthrop, the first governor of colonial Massachusetts, believed that they were responsible for being model Christian communities and failure would shame God’s servants [Doc A]. On the other hand, the Chesapeake colonies were founded by economic motivations. The Jamestown colonists journeyed to North America with the mere thought of mining gold [Doc F]. As a result, the colonies’ demographics would be vastly different. A ship’s list of emigrants bound for New England exemplifies John Winthrop’s call for model Christian communities. Puritan families travelled to New England together [Doc B]. The Chesapeake colonies were known for their tobacco cultivation. Englanders were aware that many people were profiting heavily from tobacco cultivation, but many Englanders were poor. Therefore the system of indentured servitude was established for poor Englanders to travel to America. In the system of indentured servitude, someone payed for the voyage to America, but the traveller had to work a few years to pay him back. After the service is over, the servant becomes a free person, allowed to pursue his or her own economic endeavors. As such, the Chesapeake colonies saw large numbers of indentured servants emigrate from England [Doc C].

The geography of the Chesapeake region was especially suited for tobacco cultivation because the Chesapeake region had a hot and humid climate. Tobacco was its primary market so the Chesapeake colonies did not have a diverse economy. On...
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