top-rated free essay

New England and Southern Colonies

By PCParrish Sep 16, 2014 496 Words
The New England and Southern Colonies

When the thirteen colonies were finally established in America, they were divided into three geographic areas. Two of them were the New England Colonies (Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts) and the Southern colonies (South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, and Georgia). Although they had many things in common, both of them had their own religious freedoms, crop harvests, economies, and lifestyles by the end of the seventeenth century.

The New England colonies were dominated by Puritans (reformers seeking to “purify” Christianity) who had come from England to practice religion without persecution. Unlike the southern colonies, they followed strict rules and were intolerant to other religions. Most people of the Southern colonies were anglican (Baptist or Presbyterian) though many of the people of Maryland were Catholic. Religion did not have the same impact on communities as it did in the New England colonies because people lived on plantations that were often distant and spread far apart. Farming in the colonies were very different from one another. The soil of the New England colonies was poor and completely infertile unlike the soil of the Southern colonies. However, farmers could feed their families with the abundance of fish and what little they grew before the early and long-lasting winter set in. On the other hand, the Southern colonies could grow many things such as tobacco, rice, indigo, cotton, and corn. The economy of the Southern colonies was almost entirely based on farming. Crops were grown on large plantations where slaves and employed servants worked the land. The farms grew many things that were exported both to other colonies and back to the old world (England). However, the New England economy was largely based on the ocean. Fishing was the most important thing to the New England economy. Even the shippers grew wealthy trading rum for African slaves and then trading them for molasses in the West Indies. People of the Southern colonies lived in utter poverty and men greatly outnumbered women three to one. Children were taught manners, reading, and writing by their parents until the age of twelve or thirteen. After that, the boys either helped work on the family’s farm or (if the family was wealthy) were sent to college. Girls didn’t not have the second choice. As an adult, the men would supervise the plantations while women quilted and raised the children. Children in the New England colonies were sent to school while few were taught at home. Men would do the hard work such as chopping firewood and working in the garden while women would teach the girls to make butter and spin wool. The New England colonies and the Southern colonies were alike in many ways but their differences outweighed their similarities. They each had their own religious freedoms, crop harvests, economies, and lifestyles by the end of the seventeenth century. Their geological location determined their crops and harvests while their economy defined their lifestyles.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • New England and Southern Colonies

    ...Both the New England colonies and the Southern colonies seemed as though they might be the same. They both started out with the majority of people being from England, they were both in the New World, and they were both ruled by England but, as time went on this theory was proven wrong. The New England colonies and the Southern colonies had many ...

    Read More
  • Southern Colonies vs New England Colonies

    ...between colonies. During the colonial time period from about the 1600’s through the 1700’s, the thirteen original colonies were founded and divided among three major sections known as the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. The New England colonies consisted of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and...

    Read More
  • similarities and differences of the New England,Middle, and Southern colonies

    ... The New England, Middle, and southern colonies of colonial America were similar because it was socially acceptable for males to go to college and learn about the bible but politically and economically these regions were extremely diverse. In the New England colonies, (Massachusetts ,Connecticut, New Hampshire and Rhode island), they ...

    Read More
  • Thirteen Colonies and New England

    ...CHAPTER 3 Settling the Northern Colonies, 1619–1700 Focus Questions 1. What religious turmoil in the Old World resulted in the little colony of Plymouth in the New World? 2. Why was the initial and subsequent colonization of the Massachusetts Bay Colony more successful than Plymouth? 3. How did the colony of Plymouth and Massach...

    Read More
  • Chesapeake Colonies Vs. New England Colonies

    ...Period Chesapeake Colonies vs New England Colonies In 1607, the first permanent English colony was established in North America. This settlement was known as Jamestown, and it paved the way for future English colonies. Originally, the first settlements were established for monetary reasons, future colonies, namely the New England colonies, wer...

    Read More
  • New England, middle, and southern colonies friends I had in Iran for the 11 years I lived there, only one of them played basketball in a league. He wasn't even playing for his own age group either, he was playing 1 year up. He was really good of what I could remember, but I just thought that because I didn't know how to play. Has something like that happened to you ever when you see s...

    Read More
  • Thirteen Colonies and New England it America until the 18th century. What did these early settlers call it? The New World 2. The colonies that became the United States were - for the most part - inhabited by individuals from which European country? England 3. How much is known of the perspectives of the native inhabitants of this continent before the European arrival? Why...

    Read More
  • Northern Colonies vs. Southern Colonies

    ...From the first settlement founded in the 1600’s, the British colonies were a varied mix of communities that grew to distinct civilizations in the 17th and 18th centuries. Queen Elizabeth helped drive the colonization of Jamestown in 1607 and ultimately the creation of other Southern colonies to help Britain's economy flourish. In contrast, Jam...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.