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New Emerging Technology

By xszeyau Dec 12, 2012 1061 Words
Class
 Essay:
 A
 New
 Emerging
 Technology
  It’s
 hard
 to
 imagine
 where
 the
 world
 we
 know
 today
 is
 headed
 when
 it
 comes
 to
  technology.
 A
 currently
 emerging
 technology
 is
 Artificial
 Intelligence.
 The
 concept
 has
 been
  around
 for
 decades.
 John
 McCarthy
 first
 coined
 the
 term
 ‘Artificial
 Intelligence’
 in
 1956.
  McCarthy
 defined
 Artificial
 Intelligence
 (or
 AI)
 as
 "the
 science
 and
 engineering
 of
 making
  intelligent
 machines."
 The
 more
 modern
 definition
 of
 AI
 is
 “the
 study
 and
 design
 of
  intelligent
 agents"
 where
 intelligent
 agent
 refers
 to
 a
 system
 that
 can
 recognize
 its
  environment
 and
 then
 takes
 action(s)
 which
 quantifies
 its
 possible
 success.
  Although
 Artificial
 Intelligence
 has
 been
 an
 evolving
 concept
 in
 the
 scientific
 community,
  I’m
 sure
 McCarthy
 had
 not
 fathomed
 the
 realm
 of
 possibilities
 that
 could
 derive
 from
  refining
 the
 concept.
 AI
 overlaps
 with
 robotics
 in
 which
 we
 have
 the
 autonomous
 car
 or
 the
  “driverless”
 car
 developing.
 Global
 Positioning
 Systems
 (GPS)
 have
 played
 a
 key
 role
 in
  these
 driverless
 cars.
 The
 GPS
 technology
 allows
 the
 car
 to
 know
 its
 relative
 location
 and
  what
 surrounds
 it.
 In
 2011
 Google
 was
 awarded
 a
 US
 patent
 for
 self-­‐driving
 cars.
 
  I
 first
 discovered
 that
 they
 had
 actually
 succeeded
 in
 creating
 a
 driverless
 car
 when
  searching
 for
 a
 topic
 for
 this
 paper.
 I
 was
 astonished!
 It’s
 been
 a
 possibility
 portrayed
 in
  movies
 and
 something
 I
 thought
 might
 come
 around
 in
 a
 hundred
 years
 or
 so.
 According
 to
  an
 article
 written
 by
 the
 New
 York
 Times
 Sebastian
 Thrum,
 the
 developer
 behind
 Google’s
  driverless
 car
 predicted
 that
 by
 2030
 “more
 people
 will
 use
 self-­‐driving
 cars
 in
 their
 daily
  commute
 than
 manually
 driven
 cars.”
 The
 New
 York
 Times’
 website
 had
 an
 option
 for
  readers
 to
 make
 suggestions
 to
 this
 timeline.
 On
 average
 readers
 predicted
 that
 this
 will
  happen
 around
 2023.
 The
 date
 has
 been
 moved
 1,794
 times.
 
  This
 technology
 is
 only,
 at
 most,
 a
 few
 decades
 from
 becoming
 an
 everyday
 reality
 for
 our
  society.
 I
 thought
 I
 would
 discuss
 the
 possible
 utilizations,
 and
 impacts
 this
 technology
  could
 have
 on
 life
 as
 we
 know
 it.
 I
 think
 it
 is
 an
 interesting
 aspect
 to
 consider
 the
 possible
  differences
 this
 type
 of
 technology
 can
 make
 and
 the
 changes
 it
 can
 cause.
 
  The
 utilization
 of
 the
 technology
 the
 self-­‐driving
 car
 is
 composed
 of
 is
 almost
 endless.
  There
 could
 be
 self-­‐piloting
 passenger
 carrying
 planes.
 Motorcycles
 could
 be
 composed
 of
  this
 technology
 as
 well.
 Imagine
 if
 you
 were
 able
 to
 hop
 on
 a
 motorcycle
 and
 just
 tell
 it
  where
 you
 wanted
 to
 go.
 A
 person
 would
 be
 able
 to
 get
 work
 done
 in
 the
 car
 while
 driving.
  The
 driverless
 car
 would
 take
 you
 where
 you
 needed
 to
 go
 while
 you
 read
 your
 favorite
  book,
 caught
 up
 on
 homework,
 or
 conducted
 research
 for
 work.
 It
 would
 truly
 maximize
  our
 time.
 
  Beneficial
 effects
 of
 this
 technology
 are
 many.
 In
 the
 United
 States
 alone
 “motor
 vehicle
  crashes
 are
 the
 leading
 cause
 of
 death
 among
 those
 age
 5-­‐34.
 More
 than
 2.3
 million
 adult
  drivers
 and
 passengers
 were
 treated
 in
 emergency
 departments
 as
 the
 result
 of
 being
  injured
 in
 motor
 vehicle
 crashes
 in
 2009.
 The
 economic
 impact
 is
 also
 notable:
 the
 lifetime
  costs
 of
 crash-­‐related
 deaths
 and
 injuries
 among
 drivers
 and
 passengers
 were
 $70
 billion
 in
  2005.”
 What
 if
 we
 could
 reverse
 all
 of
 these
 losses?
 If
 there
 was
 no
 longer
 a
 drinking
 and
  driving
 issue?
 We
 could
 use
 the
 recaptured
 finances
 from
 these
 unfortunate
 circumstances
  and
 fund
 matters
 that
 are
 in
 dire
 constraints.
 Instead
 of
 paying
 for
 unnecessary
 medical
 

Shipp
 Project
 2
 
 

bills
 we
 could
 finance
 the
 building
 of
 a
 playground,
 buy
 school
 books
 for
 children,
 conduct
  more
 technology
 research,
 or
 focus
 on
 inspiring
 our
 future.
 
  Other
 perks
 related
 to
 the
 self-­‐driving
 car
 include
 time,
 parking
 and
 less
 traffic.
 We
  wouldn’t
 have
 to
 worry
 about
 where
 we
 are
 going
 to
 park.
 The
 car
 can
 drop
 us
 off
 at
 the
  curb
 and
 go
 find
 a
 big
 lot
 to
 park
 in,
 and
 then
 come
 back
 and
 pick
 you
 up
 when
 you’re
 ready
  to
 go.
 There
 would
 be
 less
 of
 a
 delay
 in
 commuting
 time
 during
 high
 volume
 traffic.
 The
  cars
 would
 be
 able
 to
 sense
 the
 one
 in
 front
 of
 them,
 this
 would
 decrease
 the
 response
 time
  needed
 which
 would
 decrease
 the
 distance
 that
 needs
 to
 be
 maintained
 between
 cars.
 This
  would
 in
 turn
 decrease
 the
 commute
 time
 needed
 because
 there
 would
 be
 a
 steady
 flow
 of
  traffic
 instead
 of
 the
 stop
 and
 go
 that
 is
 common
 during
 high
 traffic
 volume
 times.
 
  New
 technology
 doesn’t
 develop
 without
 the
 potential
 for
 harmful
 effects.
 On
 the
 downside
  there
 are
 literally
 several
 million
 employed
 drivers.
 There
 are
 school
 bus
 drivers,
 city
 bus
  drivers,
 truck
 drivers,
 tow
 truck
 drivers,
 delivery
 drivers,
 taxi
 drivers,
 and
 business
 car
  drivers,
 among
 others.
 If
 there
 is
 a
 surplus
 of
 self-­‐driving
 cars
 available
 then
 this
 means
 no
  more
 driving
 jobs
 for
 these
 people,
 effectively
 displacing
 millions
 from
 their
 jobs.
 Road
  conditions
 would
 also
 be
 something
 worth
 consideration.
 We
 essentially
 would
 be
 required
  to
 trust
 this
 technology
 with
 our
 lives.
 This
 is
 a
 hard
 task
 to
 accept.
 I
 think
 that
 especially
  with
 the
 older
 population
 in
 our
 society
 it
 would
 be
 difficult
 for
 them
 to
 put
 trust
 in
  something
 they
 might
 not
 entirely
 understand.
 Road
 conditions
 would
 proliferate
 this
  distrust.
 
  I
 think
 technology
 this
 profound
 begs
 the
 question,
 what
 about
 if
 it
 malfunctions?
 What
  kinds
 of
 tests
 will
 it
 be
 put
 through
 to
 make
 sure
 it
 will
 uphold
 to
 the
 tightest
 regulations
  and
 standards?
 
  There
 can
 be
 many
 benefits
 to
 this
 technology
 that
 has
 created
 a
 self-­‐driving
 car,
 but
 there
  can
 also
 be
 many
 harmful
 consequences.
 We
 must
 ask
 ourselves
 the
 hard
 questions
 and
  proceed
 with
 caution
 when
 we
 are
 on
 the
 brink
 of
 replacing
 the
 central
 mode
 of
  transportation
 in
 our
 lives
 with
 something
 new.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  References:
 

2
 
 

Shipp
 Project
 2
 
 

 (2010).
 Artificial
 Intelligence.
 Science
 Daily.
 Retrieved
 from
 
  http://www.sciencedaily.com/articles/a/artificial_intelligence.htm   (2011,
 December
 15).Driverless
 car:
 Google
 awarded
 US
 patent
 for
 technology.
 BBC
 News
 
 
  Technology.
 Retrieved
 from
 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-­‐16197664
 
  Huang,J.,
 Lin,
 T.,
 Bakalar,
 N.,
 Hinton,
 E.,
 Kueneman,
 A.,
 Allert,
 M.,
 &
 Allen,
 C.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (2011,
 December
 5).
 Predicting
 the
 Future
 of
 Computing.
 The
 New
 York
 Time.
 
 
  Retrieved
 from
 
 
  http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/12/06/science/20111206-­‐technology-­‐  
  timeline.html
 
  (2011,
 October
 4).
 Injury
 Prevention
 &
 Control:
 Motor
 Vehicle
 Safety.
 Centers
 for
 Disease
 
 
  Control
 and
 Prevention.
 Retrieved
 from
 http://www.cdc.gov/motorvehiclesafety/
 
 

3
 
 

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