Neutralising in everyday life
In life we use the neutralising method a lot to help us in everyday tasks. Here are a few examples of neutralisation.
On farms the soil may sometimes become acidic. In these cases plants will not grow and they need to neutralise the soil for they’re farming. Limestone is commonly used for neutralising soil; it is a sedimentary rock that is commonly found in quarries. It is a compound consisting of calcium, carbon and oxygen called calcium carbonate (CaCO3). As it is a solid it would be very hard to neutralise soil with it so it has to be broken down and made into a liquid form called calcium hydroxide (CaOH2) made up of calcium, carbon, oxygen and hydrogen. This calcium hydroxide can then be sprayed on the fields to neutralise the soil.
When we get stings e.g. wasp, bee, stinging nettles we often use household acids and/or alkalis to treat them. Wasp sting venom is alkaline and so its effects can be neutralised with vinegar or acid and this neutralisation then reduces the pain, and Bee sting venom is acidic and so its effects can be neutralised with bicarbonate of soda or alkali and this reaction reduces the pain. If you get an acidic sting then Baking soda or other alkaline products such as cucumber, parsley, celery, lettuce or avocado. Take a small amount and rub gently and slowly onto the sting.
When we get heartburn we often feel a burning sensation in our chest. This is caused by a build of excess acid. To neutralise this we can take a variety of tablets and treatments to try and neutralise this including,
* Alka-Seltzer – NaHCO3 and/or KHCO3
* Andrews Antacid – CaCO3 MgCO3
* Gaviscon – Al(OH)3
* Maalox (liquid) – Al(OH)3 and Mg(OH)2
* Maalox (tablet) – CaCO3
* Milk of Magnesia – Mg(OH)2
* Pepto-Bismol – C7H5BiO4
* Pepto-Bismol Children’s – CaCO3
* Rolaids – CaCO3 and Mg(OH)2
* Tums – CaCO3
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