Neurology and Epilepsy Support Groups

Topics: Epilepsy, Neurology, Seizure Pages: 7 (2801 words) Published: March 9, 2009
I chose to do my research on epilepsy. I have some knowledge of this sickness and I have found some interesting facts and more information that will help us as we prepare ourselves to become future educators. As we all know we will be faced with many students, and we must prepare ourselves with the terms, facts and the many learning abilities to fit the needs of the children for they our future. The more I continue to prepare myself, I am getting a clearer understanding how children lean and it will be up to me to provide learning opportunities as a teacher. I understand how each student differs in learning and I will be able to create instructional opportunities for diverse learners. Throughout my paper you will be able to understand what epilepsy is and what happens to cause a seizure. I will explain the difference between epilepsy and a seizure. I will list facts from various researchers and the treatment provided. Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes people to have recurring seizures. The seizures happen when clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain send out the wrong signals. People may have strange sensations and emotions or behave strangely. They may have violent muscle spasms or lose consciousness. Epilepsy has many possible causes, including illness, brain injury and abnormal brain development. In many cases, the cause is unknown. Doctors use brain scans and other tests to diagnose epilepsy. It is important to start treatment right away. There is no cure for epilepsy, but medicines can control seizures for most people. When medicines are not working well, surgery or implanted devices such as vagus nerve stimulators may help. Special diets can help some children with epilepsy. According to epilepsy is not a mental illness, and it is not a sign of low intelligence. It is not contagious. Between seizures, a person with epilepsy is no different from anyone else. The National Institute of Neurological Disorder believes that epilepsy is a disorder with many possible causes. Anything that disturbs the normal pattern of neuron activity - from illness to brain damage to abnormal brain development - can lead to seizures. Epilepsy may develop because of an abnormality in brain wiring, an imbalance of nerve signaling chemicals called neurotransmitters, or some combination of these factors. Having a seizure does not necessarily mean that a person has epilepsy. Only when a person has had two or more seizures is he or she considered to have epilepsy.More than two million people in the United States have been diagnosed with epilepsy or have experienced a seizure. During a seizure, a person may have movement or feelings he or she cannot control. A person may cry, fall unconscious, or twitch involuntarily. A person has epilepsy when he or she has seizures more than once. Sometimes people use the term seizure to indicate epilepsy. But one seizure is just a seizure, multiple seizures are known as epilepsy. Epilepsy is one of the least understood diseases. The brain is the control center of the body. The brain has two main parts; the right hemisphere which controls the left side of the body and the left hemisphere which controls the right side of the body. Certain areas of the brain control different areas of the body; such as vision, memory, movement, and sensation. Nerves are made of small cells called neurons. In order for the brain to feel, think and give orders to the muscles, the neurons must give off electrical and chemical signals to each other. Seizures happen because of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Depending on the area affected, a person having a seizure will experience different symptoms. For example if an area controlling a muscle is affected, the muscle may become still or jerk uncontrollably. Seizure is the term used to describe a symptom and epilepsy is the term used to describe the disease. About half of all seizures have no known cause, and...
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