SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF
NURSING 5120 - THEORY ORIENTED NURSING PRACTICE
Theoretic Analysis of the Neuman Systems Model
A. Theorist’s Background
Betty Neumans’ desire to become a nurse resulted from personal experiences that occurred early in her life. The excellent nursing care provided to her father during his illness and her mother’s experiences as a midwife are two things that motivated her to join the profession. According to Butts & Rich (2015), Neuman received her diploma in nursing in 1947 from People’s Hospital School of Nursing; she later continued her education at UCLA obtaining her bachelor’s degree in 1957 and her master’s degree in 1966. Roughly twenty years later Neuman received her doctorate degree in clinical psychology from Pacific Western University (Neuman & Fawcett, 2011). In the early days of her career she worked in a variety of areas in nursing to include communicable disease, education and private duty. Later in her nursing career she worked as a psychiatric nurse and a nurse educator. During this time a need for an educational model depicting the physiological, psychological, sociocultural and developmental aspects of man was identified for graduate studies. As a result, Neuman developed her model of nursing in 1970, it was first published in 1972 in the May-June issue of Nursing Research Journal (Neuman & Fawcett, 2011). Since the first publication, the title of the model has evolved into what it is known today as The Neuman Systems Model (Neuman & Fawcett, 2011). This model gives nurses a thorough guide for research, administration, practice and education. It also provides the likeness of combining health related theories through evaluating the affiliation of nursing intervention and a patient’s response to stressors (Butts & Rich, 2015).
B. Theoretical Sources
Systems theory has the potential for
References: Ackley, B.J., & Ladwig, G.B. (2011). Nursing diagnosis handbook (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier. Alligood, M. R., & Tomey, A.M. (2010). Nursing theorists and their work. Maryland Heights, MO: Mosby Elsevier. Butts, J.B., & Rich, K.L. (2015). Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing practice (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Carpenito, L.J. (2013). Nursing diagnosis application to clinical practice (14th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lynda Juall Carpenito. Chinn, P.L. & Kramer, M.K. (2011). Integrated theory and knowledge development in nursing (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby. Lawson, T. G. (2014). Systems Model. In Alligood, M.R., & Tomey, A.M. (ed.)., Nursing theorists and their work. Maryland Heights, MO: Elsevier Mosby. Neuman, B., & Fawcett, J. (2011). The Neuman Systems Model (5th ed.). Saddle, River, NJ: Pearson. Neuman, B. (2011a). Appendix B Betty Neuman’s autobiography and chronology of the development of the Neuman Systems Model. In Neuman, B. & Fawcett, J. (ed.), The Neuman Systems Model (5th ed.). Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.