Nepal

Topics: Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepali language Pages: 4 (909 words) Published: November 5, 2001
NEPAL Kollin Smith Period-1 12-17-00 Mr. Sartian Introduction         I am doing my report on a country by the name of Nepal. The formal name is The Kingdom of Nepal. The term for citizens is Nepalese. The capital of Nepal is Katmandu. Nepal became independent in 1768 when a number of independent hill states were unified by Prithri Narayan Shah as the Kingdom of Gorkha. The area of Nepal is 56,827 square miles. Its population according to the 1991 census was 18,462, 081. Nepal is located between China and India.

Population         The most recent information about Nepal's population is in the year of 1994.

It was an estimate of about 20,000,000. At this time the average family was made up of 5.9 persons, and the life expectancy was about 50 years. About 70 percent of the total population was of working age, or between the ages of fifteen and fifty-nine years of age. Nearly 44 percent of the population is in the Terai Region, 48 percent in the Mountain Region. In 1981 the capital, Katmandu , had a population of 235,160.

Government         Nepal has a constitutional monarchy government. The multiparty democracy established along with the November 1990 constitution which replaced the panchayat system.

Education         The education system has expanded rapidly since 1951. Right now there are elementary and high schools found in most areas of the country. Tribharan University was established in 1961 to serve as the hub of a higher education system.

The literacy rate is still only an estimated fifteen percent, with most of the literate population concentrated in Katmandu Valley and in the Terai.

Language         In Nepal there are numerous languages spoken which is a problem because they do not belong to the same family group. The most common and national language , Nepali, stems form the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo European family.

Nepali is spoken by 60 percent of the population. A second category of languages in Nepal is the Tibeto-...

Bibliography: Norton, Peter B., and Joseph J. Esposito. "Nepal." Encyclopedia         Britanica. 1995.
Boehm, Richard G. World Geography. Westerville: The McGraw-Hill.
        1997.
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