Topics: Nepal, Kathmandu, Gyanendra of Nepal Pages: 50 (12274 words) Published: December 5, 2013

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This article is about the country. For other uses, see Nepal (disambiguation). Page semi-protected
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl

Flag Coat of arms
Motto: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी (Nepali) "Mother and Motherland are Greater than Heaven"
Anthem: Sayaun Thunga Phulka
Made of Hundreds of Flowers
and largest city Kathmandu (Nepali: काठमाडौं) 27°42′N 85°19′E
Official languages Nepali
Demonym Nepali, Nepalese, Gurkhas
Government Republic
- President Ram Baran Yadav
- Prime Minister vacant till polls[2]
- Chairman of the Interim Election Government[1] Khil Raj Regmi Legislature Constituent Assembly
- Kingdom declared 25 September 1768[3]
- State declared 15 January 2007
- Republic declared 28 May 2008
- Total 147,181 km2 (95th)
56,827 sq mi
- Water (%) 2.8
- 2011 census 26,494,504[4]
- Density 180/km2 (62nd)
518/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
- Total $39.899 billion[5]
- Per capita $1,400[5]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
- Total $19.921 billion[5]
- Per capita $743[5]
Gini (2010) 32.8[6]
HDI (2013) Increase 0.463[7][8]
low · 157th
Currency Nepalese rupee (NPR)
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
DST not observed
Drives on the left
Calling code +977
ISO 3166 code NP
Internet TLD .np

Nepal (Listeni/nɛˈpɔːl/ ne-PAWL[9] Nepali: नेपाल [neˈpal] ( listen)), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal,[10] is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 27 million (and nearly 2 million absentee workers living abroad),[4] Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass[11] and the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Specifically, the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim border Nepal, while across the Himalayas lies the Tibetan Autonomous Region. Nepal is separated from Bangladesh by the narrow Indian Siliguri corridor. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest metropolis.

The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha (सगरमाथा) in Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level.[12] The southern Terai region is fertile and humid. Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha, is located in this region. Lumbini is one of the holiest places of one of the world's great religions, and its remains contain important evidence about the nature of Buddhist pilgrimage centres from as early as the 3rd century BC.[13]

Hinduism is practiced by about 81.3% of Nepalis, making it the country with the highest percentage of Hindus, Buddhism is linked historically with Nepal and is practiced by 9%, Islam by 4.4%, Kirat 3.1%, Christianity 1.4%, and animism 0.4%.[4]

A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768,[3] when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms, until 2008; a decade-long Civil War involving the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (Now known as the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)) and several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties led to the 12-point agreement[clarification needed] of November 22, 2005. The ensuing elections for the constituent assembly on 28 May 2008 overwhelmingly favored the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic.

In recent developments, the political parties of Nepal have agreed on forming an interim government under...

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Jump up ^ "New cabinet holds first meeting". Republica. 2013-03-14. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
Jump up ^ "Human Development Report 2013 : Nepal’s ranking unchanged at 157". The Kathmandu Post. 2013-03-15. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
Jump up ^ Shaha (1992), p. 1.
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Jump up ^ Bhusal, Thira (2013-03-14)
Jump up ^ "बाधा अड्काउ फुकाउनेसहित राजनीतिक सहमतिमा हस्ताक्षर, शपथ भोलि बिहान ९ बजेमात्रै". Nagarik. 2013 23:11. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
Jump up ^ Dangol, Amrit (6 May 2007). "Alone in Kathmandu". Alone in Kathmandu. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
Jump up ^ Li, Rongxi (translator). 1995. The Great Tang Dynasty Record of the Western Regions, pp. 219–220. Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research. Berkeley, California. ISBN 1-886439-02-8
Jump up ^ Watters, Thomas
Jump up ^ Giuseppe, Father (1799). "Account of the Kingdom of Nepal". Asiatick Researches. London: Vernor and Hood. Retrieved 2 June 2012. Page 308.
Jump up ^ Dietrich, Angela (1996). "Buddhist Monks and Rana Rulers: A History of Persecution". Buddhist Himalaya: A Journal of Nagarjuna Institute of Exact Methods. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
Jump up ^ Lal, C. K. (16 February 2001). "The Rana resonance". Nepali Times. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
^ Jump up to: a b Bhaumik, Subir (7 November 2007). "Bhutan refugees are 'intimidated '". BBC News. Retrieved 25 April 2008.
Jump up ^ Berger Antoine, Francois Jouanne, Riadm Hassani and Jean Louis Mugnier, "Modelling the Spatial Distribution of Present day Deformation in Nepal: how cylindrical is the Main Himalayan Thrust in Nepal?", Geophys.J.Int., 156, 94–114, 2004.
Jump up ^ F. Jouanne et al., "Current Shortening Across the Himalayas of Nepal", Geophys.J.Int., 154, 1–14, 2004.
Jump up ^ Bilham et al., 1998; Pandey et al., 1995.
Jump up ^ Newar, Naresh. (Jan 2004). 70 years after. Nepali Times. Issue #178 (9 January 2004 – 15 January 2004) . Retrieved 10 December 2011.
Jump up ^ Summerfield & Hulton, 1994; Hay, 1998.
Jump up ^ Kaphle, Anup (7 July 2010). "Long stalemate after Maoist victory disrupts life in Nepal". The Washington Post.
Jump up ^ "Nepal 'Third Gender ' IDs Issued For Minorities". Huffington Post. 2013-01-22. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
Jump up ^ Thottam, Jyoti (2 March 2010). "Nepal: Caught Between China and India". Time. Retrieved 26 December 2010.
Jump up ^ Zheng, Xianglin (15 August 2008). "China-Nepal relations are an example of friendly coexistence between countries of different size". Nepal News. Retrieved 26 December 2010.[dead link]
Jump up ^ Haviland, Charles (17 April 2008)
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Jump up ^ Dahal, Phanindra (2013-02-23)
^ Jump up to: a b "World Bank: Nepal at a glance, 2012". World Bank. 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
Jump up ^ "Nepal Status Paper United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development 2012 (Rio+20) Synopsis". National Planning Commission of Nepal. 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
^ Jump up to: a b c d e "World Bank: Nepal- Country Overview 2012". World Bank. 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
Jump up ^ McVeigh, Tracy (17 March 2013). "World poverty is shrinking rapidly, new index reveals". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
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